Winner of the James Harvey Robinson Prize from the American Historical Association--and widely acclaimed by educators and students--Abina and the Important Men, Second Edition, is a compelling and powerfully illustrated "graphic history" based on an 1876 court transcript of a West African woman named Abina, who was wrongfully enslaved and took her case to court. The book is a microhistory that does much more than simply depict an event in the past; it uses the power of illustration to convey important themes in world history and to reveal the processes by which history is made.
The story of Abina Mansah--a woman "without history" who was wrongfully enslaved, escaped to British-controlled territory, and then took her former master to court--takes place in the complex world of the Gold Coast at the onset of late nineteenth-century colonialism. Slavery becomes a contested ground, as cultural practices collide with an emerging wage economy and British officials turn a blind eye to the presence of underpaid domestic workers in the households of African merchants. The main scenes of the story take place in the courtroom, where Abina strives to convince a series of "important men"--a British judge, two Euro-African attorneys, and a jury of local leaders--that her experiences and perceptions matter. "Am I free?" Abina inquires. Throughout both the court case and the flashbacks that dramatically depict her life in servitude, both the defendants and members of the court strive to "silence" Abina and to impose their own understandings and meanings upon her.
Following the graphic history in Part I, Parts II-V provide detailed historical context for the story, a reading guide that reconstructs and deconstructs the methods used to interpret the story, and strategies for using Abina in various classroom settings.
This second edition features a new gender-rich section, Part V: Engaging Abina, which explores Abina's life and narrative as a woman. Focusing on such important themes as the relationship between slavery and gender in pre-colonial Akan society, the role of marriage in Abina's experience, colonial paternalism, and the meaning of cloth and beads in her story, this section also includes a debate on whether or not Abina was a slave, with contributions by three award-winning scholars--Antoinette Burton, Sandra Greene, and Kwasi Konadu--each working from different perspectives. The second edition includes new, additional testimony that was rediscovered in the National Archives of Ghana, which is also reflected in the graphic history section.
Trevor R. Getz is Professor of History at San Francisco State University.
Liz Clarke is a professional illustrator based in Cape Town, South Africa.
Table of Contents
Maps and Figures
Letter to the Reader
A Note on Ghanaian Ideograms
PART I: THE GRAPHIC HISTORY
Chapter 1: Abina Awakes
Chapter 2: The Breaking of the Beads
Chapter 3: The Truth
Chapter 4: Life at Quamina Eddoo's House
Chapter 5: He Did Nothing Good for Me
Chapter 6: Abina Silenced, Abina Redeemed
PART II: THE TRANSCRIPT
The Testimony of Abina Mansah
The Testimony of Eccoah Coom
The Testimony of Adjuah N'Yamiweh
The Testimony of Yowahwah
PART III: HISTORICAL CONTEXT
The Gold Coast, ca. 1876
The British Civilizing Mission
The Civilizing Mission in the Gold Coast
Slavery in the Gold Coast
The Atlantic Slave Trade and Abolition
Abina Mansah and the Important Men
PART IV: READING GUIDE
Whose Story Is This?
Is This a "True" Story?
Is This "Authentic" History?
PART V: ENGAGING ABINA
Was Abina a slave?
Sandra Greene, "Who was Abina Mansah?"
Kwasi Konadu, "Was Abina Mansah a 'Slave'?"
Antoinette Burton, "Sex and Slavery in the 1876 Case of Abina Mansah"
Introductory Questions, for Students at All Levels
Questions for Students at the University or College Level
Additional Questions for Advanced Undergraduate and Graduate Students
Slavery and Abolition on the Gold Coast
About Colonialism and the Gold Coast
General Histories of Africa
Imperialism and Colonialism
Gender and African History