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Alternate Processes in Photography Technique, History, and Creative Potential,9780199390397

Alternate Processes in Photography Technique, History, and Creative Potential

by
Edition: 1st
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 1/15/2017
Publisher(s): Oxford University Press
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

Alternate Process in Photography: Technique, History, and Creative Potential offers a unique, practitioner's perspective on the history and practice of photographic processes. The book emphasizes handmade, largely historical photographic techniques, and provides detailed information for both beginning and advanced photographers.

Author Biography


Brian Arnold is a visiting research fellow in the Southeast Asia Program at Cornell University. He is a photographer, musician, and writer.

Table of Contents


Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction

Chapter 1 Negatives
Digital Negatives
Required Materials
Darkroom Negatives
Required Materials
The Importance of Making Good Negatives
Historical Introduction
Traditional Darkroom Options
Digital Negatives
Primary Photoshop Tools
Contrast Controls: Levels and Curves
Image Mode
Invert
Layer Adjustments
Sharpening
Image Size
Negative Supports
Acetate
Paper and Vellum
Pictorico and Other Inkjet Films
Film
Making the Negative
File Types
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 2 Paper
Historical Introduction
Making Paper
Paper Terminology
Tooth
Finish
Sizing
Acid-Free
Deckle
Grain
Weight
Handmade Paper
Machine-Made Paper
Moldmade Paper
Types of Paper
Writing Paper
Drawing Paper
Printmaking Paper
Watercolor Paper
Other Options
Preshrinking
Sizing
Spray Starch
Arrowroot Starch
Gesso
Gum Arabic
Gelatin
Other Supports
Fabrics
Canvas
Wood, Glass, Ceramics, and Metal
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 3 Salted Paper (Calotype)
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Chemistry
Sensitizer
Development
Toner
Fixer
Clearing
Making the Print
Negatives
Paper
Coating
Exposure
Development
Toning
Fixing
Clearing and Washing
Troubleshooting
Fading
Weak Prints
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 4 Cyanotype
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Chemistry
Sensitizer
Development
Clearing Baths
Other Chemicals
Making the Print
The Negative
Papers
Mixing the Sensitizer
Exposure
Development
Clearing/Finishing
Toning
Tea and Coffee
Borax
Dektol/Print Developer
Ammonia
Sodium Carbonate
Tannic Acid
Troubleshooting
Staining
Weak Prints
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 5 Van Dyke Brown
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Chemistry
Sensitizer
Development
Toners
Fixing
Clearing Agents
Contrast Control
Making the Print
The Negative
Papers
Coating
Exposure
Development
Toning
Fixing
Clearing and Washing
Troubleshooting
Dark Prints
Light Prints
Streaking
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 6 Platinum and Palladium
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Chemistry
Sensitizer
Development
Ammonium Citrate Developer
Potassium Oxalate Developer
Cold Bath Developer
Clearing Baths
Other Chemicals
Gold Chloride
Na2
Making the Print
The Negative
Papers
Mixing the Sensitizer
Further Contrast Control
Palladium Combined with Platinum
Gold Chloride
Exposing the Print
Developing the Print
Troubleshooting
Fogging
Solarization/"Bronzing"
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 7 Variations on Platinum and Palladium
Kallitype: Required Chemicals
Kallitype: Optional Chemicals
Ziatype: Required Chemicals
Ziatype: Optional Chemicals
Kallitype: Historical Introduction
Kallitype: Chemistry
Sensitizer
Development
Toning
Clearing Baths
Fixer
Contrast Control
Kallitype: Making the Print
The Negative
Papers
Coating
Exposure
Development
Clearing Baths
Toning
Fixing
Final Wash
Kallitype: Troubleshooting
Yellow Highlights
Streaking
Weak or Faded Prints
Ziatype: Historical Introduction
Ziatype: Chemistry
Sensitizer
Ammonium Ferric Oxalate
Lithium Palladium Chloride
Cesium Palladium Chloride
Ammonium Dichromate
Gold Chloride
Sodium Tungstate
Tween 20
Clearing Baths
Ziatype: Making the Print
The Negative
Paper
Coating
Exposure
Development/Processing
Ziatype: Troubleshooting
Weak Prints
Inconsistent Results
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 8 Gum Bichromate
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Chemistry
Bichromates
Gum Arabic
Other Colloids
Albumen
Glue
Watercolors
Clearing: Sodium/Potassium Metabisulfite
Making the Print
The Basics: Working in Black and White
Negatives
Papers
Preshrinking
More on Sizing
Mixing the Sensitizer
Coating
Exposure
Development
Registration
Clearing
Advanced Printing: Full Color
Additive versus Subtractive Color
Negatives
Exposing the Print
Troubleshooting
Staining
Development
Sizing
Paint
Gum Arabic
Base Layer
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 9 Lifts and Transfers
Required Materials
Historical Introduction
Ideas, Methods, and Techniques
Tape Lifts
Gesso or Gel/Matte Medium Transfers
Acrylic Transfers as Transparencies
Solvent Transfers
Inkjet Transfer Prints
Method One
Method Two
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 10 Wet Plate Collodion
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Equipment
Chemistry
Sensitizer
Developers
Fixer
Varnish
Making the Photograph
Preparing the Plates
Glass for Ambrotypes
Tin for Tintypes
Sensitizing the Plates
Exposure
Development
Fixing the Plates
Washing the Plates
Drying the Plates
Varnishing the Plates
Turning the Glass Image Positive
Troubleshooting
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 11 Liquid Emulsions
Required Chemicals
Optional Chemicals
Historical Introduction
Plates and Negatives
Photographic Papers and Printing
Liquid Emulsions
Making the Print
Chemistry
Emulsions
Processing Chemisty
Preparing a Surface for Coating
Metal
Glass and Ceramics
Wood
Coating the Emulsion
Exposure and Development
Fixing
Clearing
Washing
Toning/Postdevelopment Processing
Troubleshooting
Image Density
Emulsion Lacks Stability
Peeling and Cracking
Wrapping It Up

Chapter 12 Combination Printing
Gum Bichromate
Platinum/Cyanotype
Cyanotype/Van Dyke Brown
Mixing with Printmaking and Transfer Techniques
Wrapping It Up

Appendix: Chemical Safety
Bibliography
Suggested Websites
Glossary
Index

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