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Animal Feeds, Feeding and Nutrition, and Ration Evaluation CD-ROM,9781401826406

Animal Feeds, Feeding and Nutrition, and Ration Evaluation CD-ROM

by
Edition: 1st
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 10/5/2005
Publisher(s): Cengage Learning
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

Feeds, Feeding, and Animal Nutrition is the first book of its kind to finally pair ration formulation software with the book to create a comprehensive learning solution. The animal feeding and nutrition industries are as computerized as any industry in the world, but the challenge has been to find software that can effectively accompany a book and give the reader everything they need to succeed. This is a deficiency that has now been addressed. The ration formulation software has the same functionality as that used in the industry today and covers each species discussed in the book. Along with the software, the book includes the most current information on animal feeding and nutrition available, including full species coverage such as four ruminants, swine, chickens, rabbits, horses, dogs, cats, trout, and catfish. The book also extensively covers dietary energy, water requirements for livestock, and feed milling.

Table of Contents

Introduction
1(12)
Introduction
1(1)
Terminology
1(1)
Recycling in the Feed and Animal Nutrition Industries
2(1)
Stress, Strain, Animal Welfare, and Animal Nutrition
3(1)
Relationship of the Feed and Animal Nutrition Industries to Other Fields of Business and Study
4(2)
Management
4(1)
Quantitative Analysis
4(1)
Agronomy
4(1)
Computer Science
4(1)
Animal Behavior
4(1)
Environmental Policy
5(1)
Agriculture Engineering
5(1)
Animal Health
5(1)
Genetics
5(1)
Microbiology
6(1)
Careers in the Feed and Animal Nutrition Industries
6(2)
The Feed and Animal Nutrition Industries and Human Welfare
8(1)
The National Research Council
9(1)
The Association of American Feed Control Officials
10(1)
Summary
11(2)
Digestion and Absorption
13(16)
Introduction
13(1)
The Digestive System
13(1)
Digestion
14(1)
Absorption
14(2)
Digestive Organs
16(11)
The Mouth, Saliva Glands, and Esophagus
21(1)
The Forestomachs of the Ruminant and the Crop of Poultry
22(1)
The Crop
22(1)
The Reticulum or Honeycomb
22(1)
Rumen or Paunch
23(1)
Omasum or Manyplies
24(1)
The Abomasum, Proventriculus, or True Stomach
24(1)
The Gizzard
24(1)
The Pancreas
25(1)
The Liver
25(1)
The Small Intestine and Midgut
25(1)
The Large Intestine
26(1)
The Anus, Cloaca, and Vent
27(1)
Summary
27(2)
Feedstuffs
29(38)
Introduction
29(1)
Classification of Feedstuffs
29(2)
The Feedstuffs
31(32)
Forages
31(16)
Energy Concentrates
47(6)
Protein Supplements
53(5)
Mineral Supplements
58(1)
Vitamin Supplements
58(1)
Liquid Feeds
59(1)
Additives
59(4)
Finished Feeds
63(1)
Summary
64(3)
Sampling and Analysis
67(12)
Introduction
67(1)
Variation in Feedstuff Nutrient Content
67(1)
Sampling Procedure
68(1)
Hay
68(1)
Silage
68(1)
Pasture
68(1)
Grains and Ingredients
68(1)
Feed Microscopy
68(1)
Analysis Procedures and Values
69(8)
Proximate Analysis
69(1)
Crude Protein
69(2)
Carbohydrate
71(1)
Lipids
72(1)
Ash
72(1)
Total Digestible Nutrients
73(1)
Other Feed Analysis Issues and Values
74(3)
Feed Laws and Labeling
77(1)
Summary
77(2)
Dietary Energy
79(8)
The Challenge of Energy in Nutrition
79(1)
The Net Energy System
79(3)
Energy and Appetite
82(1)
Metabolic Body Size
83(1)
How Energy Is Measured
84(1)
Summary
84(3)
Carbohydrates
87(9)
Introduction
87(1)
Importance of Carbohydrate
87(1)
Structure of Carbohydrates
88(3)
Carbohydrate Absorption
91(2)
The Sodium Pump
91(2)
Carbohydrate Sources
93(1)
Management of Carbohydrate Feeding
93(1)
Summary
94(2)
Proteins
96(14)
Introduction
96(1)
Importance of Protein
96(1)
Structure of Protein
97(1)
Amino Acids
98(2)
Amino Acid Absorption
100(1)
Management of Protein Feeding
100(5)
The CNCPS 4.0/Beef NRC Level II Protein Pools
102(1)
The Dairy NRC Protein Pools
102(3)
Amino Acid Requirements
105(1)
Protein Requirements
106(2)
The Consequences of Feeding Excess Protein
107(1)
Summary
108(2)
Lipids
110(13)
Introduction
110(1)
Importance of Lipids
110(1)
Structure of Triacylglycerols
111(1)
Fat Terminology
112(1)
Fat Quality
113(1)
Describing Fatty Acids
114(1)
The Requirement for Fatty Acids
115(1)
Fat Content of Feed
115(3)
Fat Absorption
118(1)
Chylomicron Metabolism
118(1)
Fat Storage in Monogastrics and Ruminants
119(1)
Dietary Fat and Human Health
120(1)
Summary
121(2)
Minerals
123(25)
Introduction
123(1)
Importance of Minerals
123(1)
Absorption of Minerals
124(2)
Major or Macrominerals
126(10)
Calcium
126(1)
Phosphorus
127(3)
Sodium
130(2)
Chloride
132(1)
Potassium
133(1)
Magnesium
134(1)
Sulfur
135(1)
Trace or Microminerals
136(8)
Cobalt
136(1)
Copper
137(1)
Iodine
138(1)
Iron
139(1)
Manganese
140(1)
Selenium
141(1)
Zinc
142(2)
Chromium
144(1)
Buffers
144(1)
The Dietary Cation-Anion Difference and Electrolyte Balance
144(1)
Summary
145(3)
Vitamins
148(21)
Introduction
148(1)
Importance of Vitamins and Vitamin Supplementation
148(1)
Classification of Vitamins
149(1)
Vitamin Potency
149(1)
Vitamin Supplementation
150(1)
Vitamin Stability
150(1)
The Fat-Soluble Vitamins
151(6)
Vitamin A
152(1)
Vitamin D
153(2)
Vitamin E
155(1)
Vitamin K
156(1)
The Water-Soluble Vitamins
157(10)
Thiamin (B1)
157(1)
Riboflavin (B2)
158(1)
Pyridoxine (B6)
159(1)
Cyanocobalamin (B12)
160(1)
Myoinositol
161(1)
Pantothenic Acid (B5)
161(1)
Nicotinic Acid or Niacin (B3)
162(1)
Folacin, Folate, or Folic Acid (B9)
163(1)
Biotin (B7)
164(1)
Choline
164(2)
Vitamin C (Absorbic Acid)
166(1)
Factors Influencing the Vitamin Needs of Livestock
167(1)
Summary
167(2)
Water
169(10)
Introduction
169(1)
The Requirement for Water
169(1)
Functions of Water
169(1)
Feed, Metabolic Water, and Water Conservation
170(1)
Evaluating Water Intake
170(6)
What to Do If a Water-Quality Problem Is Suspected
174(2)
What to Do If a Water-Quality Problem Is Confirmed
176(1)
Two Final Notes Regarding Water for Livestock
176(1)
Summary
176(3)
Ration Evaluation and Formulation
179(14)
Introduction
179(1)
Nutritional Phases in the Production Cycle
179(1)
The Concept of a ``Balanced Nutrient''
179(1)
Voluntary Feed Intake
180(1)
Dry Matter Intake Versus As Fed Intake
180(1)
Dry Matter/Feed Intake and the Energy Density of the Ration
180(1)
Ration Evaluation
181(1)
Ration Formulation
182(2)
Predicting the Dry Matter/Feed Intake Requirement to Formulate a Balanced Ration
182(1)
Defining Performance Criteria
183(1)
Linear Programming in Ration Optimization
184(1)
Setting Feedstuff Constraints or Restrictions
185(1)
Setting Nutrient Constraints or Restrictions
185(1)
Limitations of Linear Programming in Developing Least-Cost Rations
185(1)
Ration Formulation by Iteration
185(1)
Ration Formulation by Hand Calculation: The Square Method
186(3)
Proprietary Information: The Feed Analysis Versus the Feed Formula
189(1)
Presenting the Balanced Ration
189(2)
Summary
191(2)
Feed Milling
193(21)
Introduction
193(1)
Purchasing
193(2)
Price of Commodities
194(1)
Quasi-Commodities
194(1)
Branded Products
195(1)
Process Flow
195(1)
Feed Conveying Equipment
195(3)
Screw Conveyors
195(2)
Belt Conveyors
197(1)
Drag Conveyors
197(1)
Pneumatic Conveyors
197(1)
Bucket Elevators
197(1)
Pumps
197(1)
Gravity Flow
198(1)
Receiving
198(1)
Mycotoxins
198(4)
Proportioning and Mixing
202(2)
Batch Mixing Systems
202(1)
In-Line or Continuous Proportioning Systems
202(1)
Comparison of Batch Mixing and In-Line Mixing Systems
203(1)
Liquid Feeds
203(1)
Feedstuff Processing and Finished Feed Processing
204(6)
Nonthermal Processing of Feedstuffs
204(1)
Thermal Processing of Feedstuffs
205(5)
Medicated Feed
210(1)
Medications Used in Livestock Feeds Described by Category
210(1)
The Feed Products That Contain These Drugs, Described by Type
210(1)
Avoiding Drug Carryover
210(1)
Organic Feed
211(1)
Feed Packaging
211(1)
Warehouse and Loadout
212(1)
Trucking
212(1)
Summary
212(2)
Feeding Swine
214(11)
Breeding Herd
215(2)
Lactating Sows
215(1)
Breeding Swine
216(1)
Gestating Swine
217(1)
Market Hogs
217(2)
The Suckling Piglet
217(1)
The Nursery Pig
218(1)
The Growing Hog
218(1)
The Finishing Hog
218(1)
Swine Feeding and Nutrition Issues
219(6)
Nutrient Supplementation in Swine Nutrition
219(1)
The Energy Requirement
219(1)
Protein in Swine Nutrition
220(1)
True Ileal Digestibility
220(1)
Relating Anticipated Carcass Traits to Nutrient Requirements
221(1)
Predicting Performance
221(1)
Feedstuffs Used in Swine Diets
221(2)
Electrolyte Balance
223(1)
Phytase
223(1)
Feeding Antibiotics at Subtherapeutic Levels
223(1)
Repartitioning Agents
223(2)
Swine Ration Formulation
225(15)
Swine Ration Formulation
226(14)
Input Pig Procedure
226(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
228(1)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
229(1)
View Blends Procedure
230(1)
Selecting a Blended Feed with Other Feedstuffs
230(1)
Make Ration Procedure
231(5)
Making a Medicated Complete Feed
236(2)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
238(2)
Feeding Beef
240(13)
The Breeding Herd
240(8)
First Trimester
242(1)
Second Trimester
243(1)
Third Trimester
243(1)
The Postpartum Period
243(1)
Beef Brood Cow Feeding and Nutrition Issues
244(3)
Breeding Herd Replacements
247(1)
Growing/Finishing Cattle
248(5)
Urea
249(1)
Feed Additives
249(1)
Growing/Finishing Cattle Feeding and Nutrition Issues
250(3)
Beef Ration Formulation
253(18)
Beef Ration Formulation
254(17)
Input Beef Animal Procedure
254(5)
Select Feeds Procedure
259(1)
Make Ration Procedure
260(7)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
267(1)
View Blends Procedure
268(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
269(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
269(2)
Feeding Dairy
271(14)
Cows
271(5)
Fresh Cows
271(3)
Mid-Lactation and Late Lactation
274(1)
Early-Mid Dry and Close-Up Dry
275(1)
Calves and Heifers
276(2)
Liquid Feeding/Calf Starter
276(1)
Calf Starter
277(1)
Prebred Heifer and Postbred Heifer
277(1)
Dairy Feeding and Nutrition Issues
278(7)
Transition Cow Problems
278(2)
Excess Protein
280(2)
Milk Fever or Parturient Paresis
282(1)
Acidosis
283(1)
Prussic Acid Poisoning
283(1)
Tall Fescue Toxicosis
283(2)
Dairy Ration Formulation
285(20)
Dairy Ration Formulation
286(19)
Input Dairy Animal Procedure
286(3)
Select Feeds Procedure
289(1)
Make Ration Procedure
290(10)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
300(2)
View Blends Procedure
302(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
302(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
303(2)
Feeding Sheep
305(13)
The Ewe and Ewe Lamb
305(3)
Lactation
305(1)
Ewe Lambs
306(1)
Flushing/Breeding
306(1)
Body Condition Scoring
307(1)
Early/Mid-Gestation
307(1)
Late Gestation
308(1)
Accelerated Lambing
308(1)
The Lamb
308(2)
Colostrum
308(1)
Creep Feed
309(1)
Early Weaning
309(1)
Growing and Finishing
310(1)
Sheep Feeding and Nutrition Issues
310(8)
Nutrition and Wool Production
310(1)
Blocks for Pastured/Range Sheep
311(1)
Copper
311(1)
The Need for Vitamin D
311(1)
Bloat
311(1)
Processing Grains
311(1)
Urinary Calculi
312(1)
Feeder Space
312(1)
Prussic Acid Poisoning
312(1)
Nitrate Poisoning
312(1)
Poisonous Plants
312(1)
Ruminal Acidosis
313(2)
Enterotoxemia
315(1)
Grass Tetany
315(1)
White Muscle Disease
316(1)
Milk Fever or Parturient Paresis
316(1)
Tall Fescue Toxicosis
316(1)
Polioencephalomalacia
316(2)
Sheep Ration Formulation
318(14)
Sheep Ration Formulation
319(13)
Input Sheep Procedure
319(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
321(1)
Make Ration Procedure
321(7)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
328(1)
View Blends Procedure
329(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
329(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
330(2)
Feeding Goats
332(8)
The Doe
332(2)
Lactation
332(1)
Flushing/Breeding
333(1)
Gestation
334(1)
The Kid
334(1)
Liquid Feeding/Creep Feed
334(1)
Growing
335(1)
Goat Feeding and Nutrition Issues
335(5)
State of Research into Goat Nutrient Requirements
335(1)
Feed Passage Rate
335(1)
Selective Feeding Behavior
335(1)
Fiber Production by Goats
336(1)
Activity Level and Nutrient Requirements
336(1)
Feedstuffs Affecting Milk Flavor
337(1)
Urinary Calculi
337(1)
Poisonous Plants
337(1)
Bloat
337(1)
Acidosis
337(1)
Prussic Acid Poisoning
337(1)
Nitrate Poisoning
337(1)
Parturient Paresis
338(1)
Tall Fescue Toxicosis
338(1)
Enterotoxemia
338(1)
White Muscle Disease
338(2)
Goat Ration Formulation
340(15)
Goat Ration Formulation
341(14)
Input Goat Procedure
341(1)
Select Feeds Procedure
342(1)
Make Ration Procedure
343(8)
Making a Medicated Complete Feed
351(2)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
353(2)
Feeding Horses
355(13)
The Breeding Herd
355(2)
The Brood Mare
355(2)
The Stallion
357(1)
The Growing Horse
357(2)
Suckling
357(1)
Weanling
358(1)
Yearling, Long Yearling, and 2-Year-Old
358(1)
Horse Feeding and Nutrition Issues
359(9)
The Working Horse
359(1)
Fermentation in the Large Intestine
359(1)
Group Feeding
360(1)
General Feeding Guidelines
360(1)
Colic
361(2)
Laminitis and Founder
363(1)
Azoturia
363(1)
Heaves
364(1)
Body Condition Scoring
364(1)
Prussic Acid Poisoning
364(1)
Endophyte-Infected Grasses
364(2)
Feedstuffs Affecting Urinary Tract Health
366(1)
Developmental Orthopedic Disease
366(1)
Nutritional Needs of the Geriatric Horse
366(1)
Feedstuffs Used in Horse Diets
366(2)
Horse Ration Formulation
368(12)
Horse Ration Formulation
369(11)
Input Horse Procedure
369(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
371(1)
Make Ration Procedure
372(3)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
375(1)
View Blends Procedure
376(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
377(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
378(2)
Feeding Chickens
380(8)
The Layer
380(3)
Starter
380(1)
Grower
380(1)
Developer
381(1)
Egg Production
381(1)
Molting
382(1)
Growing Flock Replacements
382(1)
The Broiler
383(1)
Egg Incubation
384(1)
Starter
384(1)
Grower
384(1)
Finisher
384(1)
Layer and Broiler Feeding and Nutrition Issues
384(4)
Dry Matter/Feed Intake
384(1)
The Energy Requirement
384(1)
Amino Acids and Nitrogen Requirements
385(1)
Enzymes
386(1)
Xanthophylls and Carotenoids
386(1)
Electrolyte Balance
386(1)
Feeding Antibiotics at Subtherapeutic Levels
386(1)
Grit
386(2)
Chicken Ration Formulation
388(14)
Chicken Ration Formulation
389(13)
Input Chicken Procedure
389(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
391(1)
Make Ration Procedure
392(5)
Making a Medicated Complete Feed
397(2)
View Blends Procedure
399(1)
Using the Medicated Complete Feed in the Ration
400(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
400(2)
Feeding Dogs
402(9)
The Bitch
402(1)
Gestation
402(1)
Lactation
402(1)
Maintenance/Anestrous
402(1)
The Puppy
403(1)
Suckling/Creep Feeding
403(1)
Growth
403(1)
Adult
404(1)
Dog Feeding and Nutrition Issues
404(7)
Association of American Feed Control Officials
404(2)
Feeding Programs
406(1)
The Role of Meat
406(1)
Dog Diets Compared to Human Diets
407(1)
Dog Feeding and Public Health
407(1)
Feed Form
407(1)
Dog Body Condition
407(1)
Carbohydrate
408(1)
Protein
409(1)
Fat
409(1)
Vitamins
409(2)
Dog Ration Formulation
411(12)
Dog Ration Formulation
412(11)
Input Dog Procedure
412(1)
Select Feeds Procedure
413(1)
Make Ration Procedure
414(6)
Blend Feedstuff's Procedure
420(1)
View Blends Procedure
420(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
421(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
421(2)
Feeding Cats
423(9)
The Queen
423(1)
Gestation
423(1)
Lactation
423(1)
Maintenance/Anestrous
423(1)
The Kitten
424(1)
Suckling/Creep Feeding
424(1)
Weaned Kittens
425(1)
Adult
425(1)
Cat Feeding and Nutrition Issues
425(7)
Differences between Cats and Dogs
425(1)
Energy
425(1)
Fat
426(1)
Carbohydrate
426(1)
Protein
427(1)
Vitamins
428(1)
Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease
428(1)
Flavors
429(1)
Feed Form
429(1)
Requirements
429(3)
Cat Ration Formulation
432(11)
Cat Ration Formulation
433(10)
Input Cat Procedure
433(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
435(1)
Make Ration Procedure
436(4)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
440(1)
View Blends Procedure
441(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
441(1)
Print Ration or Blends Procedure
442(1)
Feeding Rabbits
443(6)
The Doe and Buck
443(2)
The Young Rabbit
445(1)
Rabbit Feeding and Nutrition Issues
445(4)
The Rabbit Digestive Tract
445(1)
Cecotrophy
446(1)
Feeding Management
446(1)
Watering and Feeding Equipment
447(1)
Enteritis
447(1)
Fur Block
447(1)
Urolithiasis
447(2)
Rabbit Ration Formulation
449(12)
Rabbit Ration Formulation
450(11)
Input Rabbit Procedure
450(2)
Select Feeds Procedure
452(1)
Make Ration Procedure
453(4)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
457(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
458(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
459(2)
Feeding Fish
461(11)
Channel Catfish
461(2)
Broodstock
461(1)
Food Fish
461(2)
Rainbow Trout
463(1)
Broodstock
463(1)
Food Fish
463(1)
Fish Feeding and Nutrition Issues
464(8)
Differences between the Nutrient Needs of Fish and Those of Terrestrial Livestock
464(2)
National Research Council
466(1)
The Role of Pelleted Feed in Fish Feeding
466(1)
Amount to Feed
466(2)
Protein Content of Fish Rations
468(1)
Fat Content of Fish Rations
469(1)
Types of Feed Delivery Systems
469(2)
Fish Ration Formulation
471(1)
Fish Ration Formulation
472(11)
Input Fish Procedure
472(11)
Select Feeds Procedure
474(1)
Make Ration Procedure
475(4)
Blend Feedstuffs Procedure
479(1)
View Blends Procedure
480(1)
Using the Blended Feed in the Balanced Ration
480(1)
Print Ration or Blend Procedure
481(2)
Index 483

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