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Archaeology of the Southwest, Third Edition,9781598746754

Archaeology of the Southwest, Third Edition

Edition: 3rd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 4/15/2012
Publisher(s): ROUTLEDGE


The long-awaited third edition of this well-known textbook continues to be the go-to text and reference for anyone interested in Southwestern archaeology. It provides a comprehensive summary of the major themes and topics central to modern interpretation and practice. More concise, accessible, and student-friendly, the Third Edition offers students the latest in current research, debates, and topical syntheses as well as increased coverage of Paleoindian and Archaic periods and the Casas Grandes phenomenon. It remains the perfect text for courses on Southwest archaeology at the advanced undergraduate and graduate levels and is an ideal resource book for the Southwest researchers' bookshelf and for interested general readers.

Author Biography

Linda S. Cordell continues to conduct archaeological research in the American Southwest. She is Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she was also director of the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History. She is a Senior Scholar at the School for Advanced Research in Santa Fe and External Faculty at the Santa Fe Institute. Maxine E. McBrinn earned her Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Colorado, Boulder. She teaches anthropology and Southwest archaeology as Affiliate Faculty at Metropolitan State College of Denver. She is a Research Associate at The Field Museum in Chicago, the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, and with the Paleo Cultural Research Group.

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrationsp. 8
Prefacep. 13
The Place and Its Peoplesp. 17
Concepts and Boundariesp. 19
The Southwest's Spanish Colonial Historyp. 22
Present-Day Native Peoplesp. 25
Peoples of the Southern Southwestp. 27
Peoples of the Western Southwestp. 28
Peoples of the Northern Southwestp. 29
Archaeological Traditionsp. 35
Approaches to the Pastp. 39
Natural Environments of the Cultural Southwestp. 41
Physiographic Provincesp. 41
Climatep. 44
Plantsp. 48
Animalsp. 51
Paleoenvironmental Reconstructionp. 53
Conclusionp. 60
Tools for Digging into the Pastp. 61
Beginningsp. 61
Measuring Archaeological Time in the Southwestp. 67
Demonstrating Chronology at Pecosp. 68
The First Pecos Conferencep. 70
Sidebar: Tree-Ring Datingp. 72
Defining "Archaeological Cultures"p. 73
Sidebar: Pecos Classificationp. 74
Sidebar: Hohokam Traditionp. 77
Sidebar: Mogollon Traditionp. 79
Winds of Change in Archaeological Method and Theoryp. 84
The Rise of Cultural Resource Management Archaeologyp. 87
Developments in Mexicop. 88
New Directionsp. 90
The First Southwesterners-Paleoindian and Early Archaic Archaeologyp. 97
The Discovery at Folsomp. 98
Sidebar: Dates and Processes: Why Is It So Hard to Get a Date?p. 103
Sidebar: Paleoindian and Archaic Complexes, Traditions, and Projectile Point Types in the Southwestp. 104
The First Southwesternersp. 107
Clovisp. 109
After Clovisp. 115
Chronological Confusionsp. 118
Classification, Technology, and Stylep. 119
Beyond Weaponryp. 120
Hunters after Folsomp. 122
After Clovis in the Desert Westp. 123
Overviewp. 126
Transitions to Agriculture, 2100 bce-200 CEp. 129
Domesticated Plants and Animals in the Native Southwestp. 130
Origins and Dispersals of Agriculture in the Southwestp. 136
Contexts of Early Southwestern Farmingp. 143
Migrations, Population Growth, Languages, and Identitiesp. 149
Discussionp. 153
Settlements, Farming, and Increasing Diversity, 200-900 CEp. 155
Tools, Houses, and Subsistencep. 155
Housesp. 158
Agricultural Practicesp. 161
Agriculture in the Desertp. 164
Agriculture on the Colorado Plateausp. 168
Agriculture in the Mountains and Valleysp. 170
Early Settlements: Building Communityp. 172
The Pithouse-to-Pueblo Transitionp. 175
The Development of Ancestral Pueblo, Hohokam, and Mogollon Settlementsp. 177
Ancestral Pueblo Settlementsp. 177
Hohokam Settlementsp. 180
Mogollon Settlementsp. 182
Beliefs, Symbols, and Ceremonyp. 182
Summaryp. 183
Social and Political Organization, 900-1250 CEp. 185
The Chaco Systemp. 185
Inside Chaco Canyonp. 186
Outlying Communities and the Chaco Phenomenonp. 197
The Hohokam Systemp. 202
The Sedentary Period Hohokamp. 202
The Early Classic Period Hohokamp. 206
Aggregated Systemsp. 208
Mesa Verdep. 208
The Kayenta Ancestral Pueblosp. 212
The Mimbres Areap. 215
Dispersed Systemsp. 219
The Rio Grande Valleyp. 219
The Jornada Mogollonp. 220
Discussionp. 221
Movement and Change during Turbulent Times, 1150-1400 CEp. 223
Ways of Leaving Places and Reasons for Doing Sop. 225
Use-Lives of Settlementsp. 225
Local Depopulationsp. 226
Depopulation of Regionsp. 228
Push factorsp. 229
Warfarep. 229
Factionalismp. 233
Diseasep. 233
Environmental Push Factorsp. 235
Pull Factors: Precipitation, Irrigation, and Social Relationshipsp. 239
Discussionp. 242
Coming Together, Making Communities, 1275-1490 CEp. 247
Considerations of Climate and Natural Environmentp. 251
Patterns of Change in the Social Landscapep. 252
Patterns in Settlement Layout and Architecturep. 255
Pattern of Pottery Styles and Their Social Implicationsp. 257
Integrating Data about the Integration of Peoplesp. 262
The Lower San Pedro River Valleyp. 263
The Tonto Basinp. 266
The Mogollon Highlandsp. 267
The Northern Rio Grande Regionp. 268
The Central Rio Grande Regionp. 271
The Casas Grandes Valleyp. 273
Discussionp. 277
Transitions, Resistance, Accommodations, and Lessons, 1500-1900 CEp. 279
Apaches, Navajos, and Utesp. 280
First Encountersp. 284
Where Was Esteban Killed?p. 285
The Battle of Hawikkup. 286
San Gabriel de Yungehp. 289
Pueblo Rebellionsp. 290
Contested Histories at Hopi: Awat'ovi and Walpip. 293
Awat∆ovip. 294
Walpip. 296
Pueblo Indians and Buffalo Huntersp. 297
Ransomed Slaves, Protectors of the Crown: New Mexico's GenŪzaro Populationp. 299
Discussionp. 302
Looking to the Futurep. 303
Referencesp. 309
Indexp. 355
About the Authorsp. 368
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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