Skip Navigation
List Price: $177.50

Buy Used

In Stock. Usually ships in 24 hours.

Rent Textbook

Select for Price
Add to Cart Free Shipping
There was a problem. Please try again later.

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

The Bedford Handbook,9781457608018

The Bedford Handbook

by ;
Edition: 9th
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 10/18/2013
Publisher(s): Bedford/St. Martin's


PACKAGE THIS TITLE WITH OUR 2016 MLA SUPPLEMENT, Documenting Sources in MLA Style (package ISBN-13: 9781319085476). Get the most recent updates on MLA citation in a convenient, 40-page resource based on The MLA Handbook, 8th Edition, with plenty of models. Browse our catalog or contact your representative for a full listing of updated titles and packages, or to request a custom ISBN.

What habits are common among good college writers? Good college writers are curious, engaged, reflective, and responsible. They read critically. They write with purpose. They tune into their audience. They collaborate and seek feedback. They know credible evidence makes them credible researchers. They revise. The Bedford Handbook, based on surveys with more than 1,000 first-year college students, fosters these habits and offers more support than ever before for college reading and writing. New writing guides support students as they compose in an ever-wider variety of genres, including multimodal genres. New reading support encourages students to become active readers. Retooled research advice emphasizes inquiry and helps writers cite even the trickiest digital sources confidently and responsibly. Best of all, the Handbook remains a trusted companion for students because it is accessible, comprehensive, and authoritative. Instructors benefit, too: A substantially revised Instructor’s Edition includes Nancy Sommers’s personal mentoring—more than 100 new concrete tips for teaching with the handbook. Finally, integrated digital content is easily assignable and helps students practice and apply the handbook’s lessons. See what's in the LaunchPad

Author Biography

Diana Hacker personally class-tested her handbooks with nearly four thousand students over thirty-five years at Prince George’s Community College in Maryland, where she was a member of the English faculty. Hacker handbooks, built on innovation and on a keen understanding of the challenges facing student writers, are the most widely adopted in America. Hacker handbooks, all published by Bedford/St. Martin’s, include The Bedford Handbook, Eighth Edition (2010); A Writer’s Reference, Seventh Edition (2011); Rules for Writers, Sixth Edition (2008); and A Pocket Style Manual, Fifth Edition (2008).
Nancy Sommers, who has taught composition and directed composition programs for thirty years, now teaches writing and mentors new writing teachers at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education.  She led Harvard’s Expository Writing Program for twenty years, directing the first-year writing program and establishing Harvard’s WAC program. A two-time Braddock Award winner, Sommers is well known for her research and publications on student writing. Her articles Revision Strategies of Student and Experienced Writers and Responding to Student Writing are two of the most widely read and anthologized articles in the field of composition.  Her recent work involves a longitudinal study of college writing to understand the role writing plays in undergraduate education. Sommers is the lead author on Hacker handbooks, all published by Bedford/St. Martin’s, and is coauthor of Fields of Reading, Ninth Edition (2010).

Table of Contents

LC = LearningCurve
Preface for Instructors 
Introduction: Becoming a College Writer 
Part I The Writing Process 
1  Exploring, planning, and drafting [e-Pages]     
Becoming a college writer: Choose topics you care about 
       a  Assessing the writing situation 
       b  Exploring your subject 
       Drafting and revising a working thesis  
       Drafting a plan 
       Drafting an introduction 
       f  Drafting the body 
       g  Drafting a conclusion 
       Managing your files   
2  Revising, editing, and reflecting [e-Pages]     
Becoming a college writer: Form a community of readers around you  
       a  Revising with comments  
       b  Approaching global revision in cycles  
       Revising and editing sentences; proofreading a final draft 
       d  Student writing: Literacy narrative  
            Writing guide: Literacy narrative 
       e  Preparing a portfolio; reflecting on your writing  
            Writing guide: Reflective opening statement for a portfolio 
3 Building effective paragraphs [e-Pages]     
       Focusing on a main point 
       b  Developing the main point 
       Choosing a suitable pattern of organization 
       Making paragraphs coherent 
       e  Adjusting paragraph length 
Part II  Academic Reading and Writing 
4  Reading and writing critically [e-Pages]
Becoming a college writer: Engage with the texts you read  
       a  Reading actively 
       Outlining a text to identify main ideas 
       c  Summarizing to deepen your understanding 
       d  Analyzing to demonstrate your critical reading 
       e  Sample student essay: Analysis of an article 
           Writing Guide: Analyzing a written text  
5  Reading and writing about images and multimodal texts [e-Pages]      
       a  Reading actively 
       Outlining to identify main ideas 
       Summarizing to deepen your understanding 
       d  Analyzing to demonstrate your critical reading  
       Sample student essay: Analysis of an advertisement 
6  Reading and writing arguments [e-Pages]     
Becoming a college writer
       a  Distinguishing between reasonable and fallacious argumentative tactics 
       b  Distinguishing between legitimate and unfair emotional appeals   
       c  Judging how fairly a writer handles opposing views 
       d  Identifying your purpose and context  
       Viewing your audience as a panel of jurors 
       f  Establishing credibility and stating your position 
       Backing up your thesis with persuasive lines of argument 
       h  Supporting your claims with specific evidence  
       i  Anticipating objections; countering opposing arguments  
       j  Building common ground 
       Sample argument paper 
           Writing Guide: Constructing an argument  
7  Reading and writing about literature [e-Pages]     
       a  Reading actively 
       b  Forming an interpretation 
       c  Drafting a working thesis 
       d  Using evidence from the text; avoiding plot summary 
       e  Observing the conventions of literature papers   
       f  Integrating quotations from the text 
       g  Documenting secondary sources and avoiding plagiarism 
       h  Sample student essays 
           ANALYSIS with a primary source and secondary sources  
Part III Clear Sentences  
8 Prefer active verbs. [e-Pages, LC]

       a  Active versus passive verbs  
       b  Active versus be verbs  
       c  Subject that names the actor  
9 Balance parallel ideas. [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Parallel ideas in a series  
       b  Parallel ideas presented as pairs  
       c  Repetition of function words  
10 Add needed words.     
       In compound structures  
       b  that  
       c  In comparisons  
       a, an, and the  
11 Untangle mixed constructions.    
       Mixed grammar  
       b  Illogical connections  
       is when, is where, and reason . . . is because  
12 Repair misplaced and dangling modifiers. [e-Pages]    
       a  Limiting modifiers  
       b  Misplaced phrases and clauses  
       Awkwardly placed modifiers  
       d  Split infinitives  
       e  Dangling modifiers  
13 Eliminate distracting shifts. [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Point of view (person, number)  
       Verb tense   
       c  Verb mood, voice  
       d  Indirect to direct questions or quotations  
14 Emphasize key ideas. [e-Pages]     
       Coordination and subordination  
       b  Choppy sentences  
       Ineffective or excessive coordination  
       d  Ineffective subordination  
       e  Excessive subordination  
       Other techniques  
15 Provide some variety. [e-Pages]     
       a  Sentence openings  
       b  Sentence structures  
       c  Inverted order  
       d  Question or quotation 
Part IV Word Choice  
16 Tighten wordy sentences. [e-Pages, LC]     
       Unnecessary repetition  
       c  Empty or inflated phrases  
       Simplifying the structure  
       e  Reducing clauses to phrases, phrases to single words  
17 Choose appropriate language. [e-Pages, LC]     
       a  Jargon  
       b  Pretentious language, euphemisms, “doublespeak”  
       Obsolete and invented words  
       Slang, regional expressions, nonstandard English  
       Levels of formality  
       Sexist language  
       g  Offensive language  
18 Find the exact words. [e-Pages, LC]     
       a  Connotations  
       b  Specific, concrete nouns  
       c  Misused words  
       d  Standard idioms  
       e  Clichés  
       Figures of speech  
Part V Grammatical Sentences  
19 Repair sentence fragments. [e-Pages, LC]

       a  Subordinate clauses  
       b  Phrases  
       Other fragmented word groups  
       d  Acceptable fragments  
20 Revise run-on sentences. [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Correction with coordinating conjunction  
       b  Correction with semicolon, colon, or dash  
       Correction by separating sentences  
       d  Correction by restructuring  
21 Make subjects and verbs agree. [e-Pages, LC] 
       a  Standard subject-verb combinations  
       b  Words between subject and verb 
       c  Subjects joined with and  
       d  Subjects joined with or, nor, either . . . or, or neither . . . nor  
       e  Indefinite pronouns  
       Collective nouns  
       g  Subject following verb  
       h  Subject, not subject complement  
       i  who, which, and that  
       j  Words with plural form, singular meaning  
       k  Titles of works, company names, words mentioned as words, gerund phrases  
22 Make pronouns and antecedents agree. [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Singular with singular, plural with plural (indefinite pronouns, generic nouns)  
       b  Collective nouns  
       Antecedents joined with and  
       Antecedents joined with or, nor, either . . or, or neither . . . nor  
23 Make pronoun references clear. [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Ambiguous or remote reference  
       Broad reference of this, that, which, and it  
       c  Implied antecedents  
       d  Indefinite use of they, it, and you  
       e  who for persons, which or that for things  
24 Distinguish between pronouns such as I and me. [e-Pages]     
       Subjective case for subjects and subject complements  
       b  Objective case for objects  
       d  Pronoun following than or as  
       e  we or us before a noun  
       f  ubjects and objects of infinitives  
       Pronoun modifying a gerund  
25 Distinguish between who and whom. [e-Pages]     
       a  In subordinate clauses  
       b  In questions  
       c  As subjects or objects of infinitives  
26 Choose adjectives and adverbs with care. [e-Pages]     
       Adjectives to modify nouns  
       b  Adverbs to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs  
       good and well, bad and badly  
       Comparatives and superlatives  
       Double negatives  
27 Choose appropriate verb forms, tenses, and moods in standard English. [e-Pages, LC]
       Irregular verbs  
       b  lie and lay  
       -s (or -es) endings  
       d  -ed endings  
       e  Omitted verbs  
        Verb tense  
       Subjunctive mood  
Part VI Multilingual Writers and ESL Challenges   
28 Verbs [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Appropriate form and tense  
       Passive voice  
       c  Base form after a modal  
       d  Negative verb forms  
       e  Verbs in conditional sentences  
       Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives  
29 Articles [e-Pages, LC]     
       a  Articles and other noun markers  
       b  When to use the  
       c  When to use a or an  
       When not to use a or an  
       No articles with general nouns  
       f  Articles with proper nouns  
30 Sentence structure [e-Pages, LC]      
       Linking verb between a subject and its complement  
       A subject in every sentence  
       c  Repeated nouns or pronouns with the same grammatical function  
       Repeated objects, adverbs in adjective clauses  
       e  Mixed constructions with although or because  
       Placement of adverbs  
       Present participles and past participles  
       Order of cumulative adjectives  
31 Prepositions and idiomatic expressions [e-Pages]     
       Prepositions showing time and place  
       Noun (including -ing form) after a preposition  
       Common adjective + preposition combinations  
       Common verb + preposition combinations  
Part VII Punctuation  
32 The comma [e-Pages, LC]

       a  Independent clauses joined with and, but, etc.  
       b  Introductory clauses or phrases 
       c  Items in a series  
       Coordinate adjectives  
       e  Nonrestrictive elements  
       f  Transitions, parenthetical expressions, absolute phrases, contrasts  
       g  Direct address, yes and no, interrogative tags, interjections  
       he said, etc.  
       Dates, addresses, titles, numbers  
33 Unnecessary commas [e-Pages]     
       a  Between two words, phrases, or subordinate clauses  
       Between a verb and its subject or object  
       c  Before the first or after the last item in a series  
       d  Between cumulative adjectives, an adjective and a noun, or an adverb and an adjective  
       e  Before and after restrictive or mildly parenthetical elements  
       f  Before essential concluding adverbial elements  
       g  After a phrase beginning an inverted sentence  
       Other misuses  
34 The semicolon [e-Pages]      
       a  Independent clauses not joined with a coordinating conjunction  
       b  Independent clauses linked with a transitional expression  
       c  Series containing internal punctuation  
35 The colon [e-Pages]
       a  Before a list, an appositive, a quotation, or a summary  
       b  Conventional uses 
       c  Misuses  
36 The apostrophe [e-Pages, LC]
       a  Possessive nouns  
       b  Possessive indefinite pronouns  
       d  Not for plural numbers, letters, abbreviations, words as words  
       e  Misuses  
37 Quotation marks [e-Pages]     
       a  Direct quotations  
       b  Quotation within a quotation  
       c  Titles of works  
       d  Words as words  
       e  With other punctuation marks  
       f  Misuses  
38 End punctuation   
       a  The period  
       b  The question mark  
       c  The exclamation point  
39 Other punctuation marks [e-Pages]     
       b  Parentheses  
       c  Brackets  
       d  Ellipsis mark  
       e  Slash  
Part VIII Mechanics  
40 Abbreviations [e-Pages]
       a  Titles with proper names  
       b  Familiar abbreviations  
       c  Conventional abbreviations  
       d  Units of measurement 
       e  Latin abbreviations  
       f  Plural of abbreviations 
       g  Misuses  
41 Numbers [e-Pages]     
       a  Spelling out  
       b  Using numerals  
42 Italics [e-Pages]     
       a  Titles of works  
       b  Names of spacecraft, aircraft, and ships  
       c  Foreign words  
       d  Words as words, letters as letters, and numbers as numbers 
43 Spelling   
       a  Spelling rules  
       b  The dictionary  
       Words that sound alike  
       d  Commonly misspelled words  
44 The hyphen [e-Pages]    
       Compound words  
       b  Hyphenated adjectives  
       Fractions and compound numbers  
       With certain prefixes and suffixes  
       e  To avoid ambiguity or to separate awkward double or triple letters  
       Word division  
45 Capitalization [e-Pages, LC] 
       a  Proper versus common nouns  
       Titles with proper names 
       c  Titles and subtitles of works  
       d  First word of a sentence  
       e  First word of a quoted sentence  
       f  First word after a colon 
Part IX Grammar Basics  
46 Parts of speech [e-Pages, LC]

       a  Nouns  
       b  Pronouns    
       c  Verbs   
       e  Adverbs   
       g  Conjunctions   
47 Sentence patterns [e-Pages]  
       a  Subjects  
       Verbs, objects, and complements  
       c  Pattern variations  
48 Subordinate word groups [e-Pages]      
       a  Prepositional phrases 
       b  Verbal phrases  
       Appositive phrases 
       d  Absolute phrases  
       e  Subordinate clauses 
49 Sentence types [e-Pages]     
       Sentence structures 
       b  Sentence purposes 
Part X Researched Writing  
50 Conducting research [e-Pages]      
Becoming a college writer: Join a research conversation  
       a  Managing stress by managing the project 
       Posing questions worth exploring  
       c  Mapping out a search strategy  
       d  Searching efficiently; mastering a few shortcuts to finding good sources  
       Conducting field research, if appropriate 
51 Managing information; taking notes responsibly [e-Pages]    
       a  Maintaining a working bibliography  
       Keeping track of source materials  
       c  Avoiding unintentional plagiarism  
52 Evaluating sources [e-Pages]      
       Determining how sources might contribute to your writing  
       b  Selecting sources worth your time and attention  
       c  Selecting appropriate versions of online sources   
       Reading with an open mind and a critical eye   
       Assessing Web sources with care   
       Constructing an annotated bibliography  
           Writing Guide: Annotated bibliography  
Writing MLA papers  
53 Supporting a thesis [e-Pages]
       a  Forming a working thesis  
       b  Organizing ideas with a rough outline  
       c  Using sources to inform and support your argument  
       d  Drafting an introduction for your thesis  
       Providing organizational cues  
       Drafting the paper in an appropriate voice  
54 Citing sources; avoiding plagiarism [e-Pages]      
       a  Understanding how the MLA system works  
       b  Avoiding plagiarism when quoting, summarizing, and paraphrasing sources  
55 Integrating sources [e-Pages]      
Becoming a college writer: Provide context for sources    
       a  Using quotations appropriately  
       Using signal phrases to integrate sources  
       c  Synthesizing sources   
56 MLA documentation style [e-Pages]      
       a  MLA in-text citations  
       MLA list of works cited  
       c  MLA information notes (optional)  
57 MLA manuscript format; sample research paper  
       MLA manuscript format  
       b  Sample MLA research paper  
           Writing guide: Research paper  
Writing APA papers  
58 Supporting a thesis [e-Pages]      
       a  Forming a working thesis 
       b  Organizing your ideas 
       Using sources to inform and support your argument 
59 Citing sources; avoiding plagiarism [e-Pages]      
       a  Using the APA system for citing sources 
       Avoiding plagiarism  
60 Integrating sources [e-Pages]   
       a  Using quotations appropriately  
       b  Using signal phrases to integrate sources  
       Synthesizing sources    
61 APA documentation style [e-Pages]     
  APA in-text citations 
       b  APA list of references 
62 APA manuscript format; sample research paper  
       a  APA manuscript format 
       b  Sample APA research paper 
Writing Chicago papers  
63 Chicago papers [e-Pages]     
       a  Supporting a thesis  
       b  Citing sources; avoiding plagiarism  
       Integrating sources  
       d  Chicago documentation style    
       Chicago manuscript format  
       Sample Chicago research paper  
Part XI Writing in the Disciplines   
64 Learning to write in a discipline
       a  Finding commonalities across disciplines 
       b  Recognizing the questions that writers in a discipline ask 
       c  Understanding the kinds of evidence that writers in a discipline use 
       Becoming familiar with the discipline’s language conventions 
       Using a discipline’s preferred citation style 
65 Approaching writing assignments in the disciplines 
       a  Writing in psychology 
       b  Writing in business  
       Writing in biology 
       d  Writing in nursing 
APPENDIX: A Document Design Gallery   

An electronic version of this book is available through VitalSource.

This book is viewable on PC, Mac, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, and most smartphones.

By purchasing, you will be able to view this book online, as well as download it, for the chosen number of days.

A downloadable version of this book is available through the eCampus Reader or compatible Adobe readers.

Applications are available on iOS, Android, PC, Mac, and Windows Mobile platforms.

Please view the compatibility matrix prior to purchase.

American Express