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City Building: Nine Planning Principles for the 21st Century,9781568988818

City Building: Nine Planning Principles for the 21st Century

by ; ;
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 3/3/2010
Publisher(s): HACHETTE

Summary

Good city building is not created by complex statistics, functional problem solving, or any particular decision-making process. Successful cities instead come from people advocating easily understood human values and principles that take into account the sensory, tactile, and sustainable qualities of environment and design in relation to what is the best of human endeavor. -From the introduction to City Building Cities are often viewed as the least-healthy environments for humans because they are centers of pollution, overcrowdedness, and waste. But the opposite can be true. A well-planned city can be a model of sustainable living. Good city building counters the sprawl of suburbia with concentrated land use, replaces globalized design with regionally appropriate building types, and allows for livable, desirable neighborhoods. John Lund Kriken and Philip Enquist, both longtime partners in the preeminent and award-winning planning firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) have collaborated with writer Richard Rapaport to create City Building . This proactive, green-focused, user-friendly guide to city building is organized into three parts: Part one examines the past and defines the current practice of city building, addressing its shortcomings and proposing a comprehensive framework for rethinking the approach to cities in the future. Part two translates this framework into nine best-practice principles that are common to successful, livable, urban environments: sustainability, accessibility, diversity, open space, compatibility, incentives, adaptability, density, and identity. These principles are illustrated in a global portfolio of city building projects, designed by SOM, that show how best practices have been applied successfully. Part three makes the case that, far from being the problem, cities, properly organized, can be a mechanism for sensible, sustainable uses of increasingly scarce resources. The book concludes with a call for a national planning process and a comprehensive framework for settlement.

Author Biography

John Lund Kriken is a consulting partner at Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and an adjunct professor of urban design at the University of California, Berkeley.

Table of Contents

Forewordp. ix
Prefacep. xi
An Introduction to City Building
The Millennial Cityp. 1
The Missing Elements of City Designp. 4
A Brief (and Personal) History of Urban Design Theory and Practicep. 9
The Role of Design in Today's City Buildingp. 14
Nine Principles for Twenty-First-Century City Building
Introductionp. 27
Sustainabilityp. 28
Committing to an Environmental Ethic
Creating a Framework for Sustainable Settlementp. 32
Choosing the Right Futurep. 37
Expanding a City/Sustaining Greenp. 44
Guiding a Nation to a Post-Petroleum Futurep. 50
Accessibilityp. 56
Facilitating Ease of Movement
Locating Corridors to Preserve a Downtownp. 63
Creating Essential Access to Major Developmentp. 66
Planning for Ferry Transitp. 71
Learning from Mistakes: Mixed-Access Streets versus Transit Mallsp. 76
Unblocking Movementp. 80
Restoring Access, Reversing Vacancy and Declinep. 83
Diversityp. 88
Maintaining Variety and Choice
Bringing Diversity to the Capitolp. 93
Designing Diversity into City Expansionp. 96
Creating Variety within Uniform Residential Regulationsp. 101
Identifying the Special Qualities of a Placep. 104
Building-in Diversityp. 108
Open Spacep. 112
Regenerating Natural Systems to Make Cities Green
Greening the World's Densest Cityp. 118
Unpaving a Riverp. 121
Topping Off the Burnham Plan with a Green Roofp. 125
Developing a Public Greenbelt and Shorelinep. 130
Compatibilityp. 134
Maintaining Harmony and Balance
Protecting Heritage While Creating Identityp. 140
Protecting Heritage While Managing Densityp. 144
Retaining a Rural Landscapep. 147
Reviving Block Patterns and Building Typesp. 149
Incentivesp. 152
Renewing Declining Cities/Rebuilding Brownfields
Restoring a River (and Regenerating a City)p. 156
Rebuilding Downtowns in a Suburban Context: Good Intentions Get Snaggedp. 161
Incentivizing a Brownfieldp. 164
Adaptabilityp. 168
Facilitating "Wholeness" and Positive Change
Planning for Continuous Changep. 175
Guiding and Anticipating Growth with Principlesp. 178
Recovering a Diamond in the Rust (Belt)p. 183
Fitting Inside with Outsidep. 187
Working toward a Flexible Campusp. 190
Densityp. 192
Designing Compact Cities with Appropriate Transit
Using Brown, Saving Green: Urban Density for Regional Renewalp. 195
Accepting Density and Heightp. 202
Taking Advantage of Existing Infrastructurep. 206
Identityp. 210
Creating/Preserving a Unique and Memorable Sense of Place
Developing Identity in Response to Climatep. 219
Responding to Climate and Culturep. 225
Creating a New Downtown Identityp. 230
Harnessing the Potential of the Waterfrontp. 234
The City of the Future/The Future of the City
The City Is the Solution (Not the Problem)p. 239
A New Urban Modelp. 239
A Developmental Moore's Lawp. 240
Learning from Asiap. 240
The Need for a Framework for Settlementp. 241
Refocusing Planning Theory and Practicep. 245
Rethinking Single-Purpose Design Education and Problem Solvingp. 245
A Call for National Plansp. 246
Conclusionp. 246
Project Creditsp. 247
Indexp. 254
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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