Skip Navigation
List Price: $42.57

Rent Textbook

Select for Price
Add to Cart Free Shipping
There was a problem. Please try again later.

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Civic Agriculture,9781584654148

Civic Agriculture

by
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 6/1/2004
Publisher(s): Univ Pr of New England
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

While the American agricultural and food systems follow a decades-old path of industrialization and globalization, a counter trend has appeared toward localizing some agricultural and food production. Thomas A. Lyson, a scholar-practitioner in the field of community-based food systems, calls this rebirth of locally based agriculture and food production civic agriculture because these activities are tightly linked to a community's social and economic development. Civic agriculture embraces innovative ways to produce, process, and distribute food, and it represents a sustainable alternative to the socially, economically, and environmentally destructive practices associated with conventional large-scale agriculture. Farmers' markets, community gardens, and community-supported agriculture are all forms of civic agriculture. Lyson describes how, in the course of a hundred years, a small-scale, diversified system of farming became an industrialized system of production and also how this industrialized system has gone global. He argues that farming in the United States was modernized by employing the same techniques and strategies that transformed the manufacturing sector from a system of craft production to one of mass production. Viewing agriculture as just another industrial sector led to transformations in both the production and the processing of food. As small farmers and food processors were forced to expand, merge with larger operations, or go out of business, they became increasingly disconnected from the surrounding communities. Lyson enumerates the shortcomings of the current agriculture and food systems as they relate to social, economic, and environmental sustainability. He then introduces the concept of community problem solving and offers empirical evidence and concrete examples to show that a re-localization of the food production system is underway.

Author Biography

THOMAS A. LYSON (d. 2007) was Liberty Hyde Bailey Professor, Department of Development Sociology, Cornell University. His most recent book, co-edited with Richard K. Olsen, was Under the Blade: The Conversion of Agricultural Landscapes (1998). A past editor of the journal Rural Sociology, Lyson was an Associate Editor of the Journal of Sustainable Agriculture.

Table of Contents

List of Tables xi
Acknowledgments xiii
1. Introduction: Community Agriculture and Local Food Systems 1(7)
Civic Agriculture
1(1)
Farming and Food Today
2(4)
A Place for Civic Agriculture
6(1)
Plan of the Book
7(1)
2. From Subsistence to Production: How American Agriculture Was Made Modern 8(22)
Agriculture and Rural Life
8(4)
The Emergence of Modern Economic Forms
12(3)
Early Agricultural Development
15(4)
Three Agricultural Revolutions
19(3)
The Social Construction of Modern
Economic Categories
22(192)
Civic Economy, Economic Embeddedness, and the Informal Economy
214
The Civic/Embedded Economy in the United States
25(5)
3. Going Global: The Industrialization and Consolidation of Agriculture and Food Production in the United States 30(18)
From Craft Production to Mass Production
30(1)
The Trend toward Concentration and Consolidation
31(6)
Changing Geography of Production
37(2)
Distancing: Separating Production and Consumption
39(1)
Control of Farmland
40(2)
Labor Intensification
42(3)
Supply Chains
45(3)
4. The Global Supply Chain 48(13)
The Global Food System
48(2)
The Jolly Green Giant as a Corporate Migrant
50(2)
Grocery Wars
52(2)
Corporate Reach: The Men and Women behind the Food System
54(3)
Whither the Poor Consumer?
57(4)
5. Toward a Civic Agriculture 61(23)
Moving toward Civic Agriculture
61(3)
Theoretical Underpinnings of Civic Agriculture
64(2)
Walter Goldschmidt's Landmark Study
66(2)
Production Districts
68(2)
Two Models of Agricultural Development
70(1)
Neoclassical Economics versus Pragmatism
71(2)
Production versus Development Frameworks
73(1)
Experimental Biology versus Ecological Biology
74(1)
Corporate versus Community Orientation
75(1)
Corporate Middle Class versus Independent Middle Class
76(1)
Political Processes and Power
76(1)
Motors for Change
77(1)
Civic Agriculture and Sustainable Agriculture
78(3)
Why Didn't Small Business Flourish?
81(3)
6. Civic Agriculture and Community Agriculture Development 84(15)
Profiling Civic Agriculture
84(3)
Community-Supported Agriculture
87(4)
Restaurant Agriculture
91(1)
Farmers' Markets
91(2)
Roadside Stands
93(2)
Urban Agriculture, City Farming, Community Gardens
95(2)
Measuring Civic Agriculture
97(2)
7. From Commodity Agriculture to Civic Agriculture 99(8)
Commodity Agriculture
99(2)
Refashioning Farming to Fit the Marketplace
101(2)
Reconnecting Farm, Food, and Community: Tools for Change
103(2)
Civic Agriculture: Moving from the Marketplace to the Community
105(2)
Notes 107(14)
Bibliography 121(12)
Index 133

An electronic version of this book is available through VitalSource.

This book is viewable on PC, Mac, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, and most smartphones.

By purchasing, you will be able to view this book online, as well as download it, for the chosen number of days.

A downloadable version of this book is available through the eCampus Reader or compatible Adobe readers.

Applications are available on iOS, Android, PC, Mac, and Windows Mobile platforms.

Please view the compatibility matrix prior to purchase.

Visa
Mastercard
American Express
Comodo
McAfee