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Essentials of English Grammar : A Practical Guide to Mastery of English,9780844258201

Essentials of English Grammar : A Practical Guide to Mastery of English

by
Edition: 2nd
Format: Hardcover
Pub. Date: 1/11/1993
Publisher(s): McGraw-Hill
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

** HANDY REFERENCE BOOK. Provides essentials that are useful for people with the occasional question as well as those who are learning the basics. * TWO-PART FORMAT. Allows quick and convenient location of answers to specific questions. * "STYLE CONSIDERATIONS" PORTION. Covers issues beyond core grammar, such as combining sentences, gender-inclusive language, and sentence clarity. * FOUR APPENDIXES. Target commonly misspelled words, commonly confused words, verb-preposition combinations, and irregular verbs.

Table of Contents

Preface xiii
Part One: Essentials of Grammar
Parts of Speech
3(31)
Nouns
4(2)
Proper, Common, and Collective Nouns
4(1)
Functions of Nouns
4(1)
Plural Nouns
5(1)
Possessive Nouns
5(1)
Pronouns
6(5)
Personal Pronouns
6(1)
Case of Personal Pronouns
7(1)
Indefinite Pronouns
7(1)
Possessive Pronouns
8(1)
Relative Pronouns
9(1)
Interrogative Pronouns
9(1)
Demonstrative Pronouns
9(1)
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
10(1)
Who or Whom?
11(1)
Verbs
11(12)
Basic Verb Forms
12(1)
Auxiliary Verbs
12(1)
Verb Tenses
13(1)
Regular Verbs
13(1)
Uses of the Six Tenses
14(2)
Irregular Verbs
16(1)
Common Errors in Using Verb Tenses
17(2)
Mood
19(1)
Active and Passive Voice
20(1)
Subject-Verb Agreement
20(1)
Special Subject-Verb Agreement Cases
21(2)
Adjectives
23(2)
Demonstrative Adjectives
23(1)
Limiting Adjectives
23(1)
Comparisons
24(1)
Compound Adjectives
24(1)
Predicate Adjectives
25(1)
Adverbs
25(3)
Forming Adverbs
25(1)
Types of Adverbs
25(1)
Comparisons
26(1)
Adverb Position and Meaning
26(1)
Adjective or Adverb?
27(1)
Prepositions
28(2)
Phrasal Prepositions
28(1)
Common Errors to Avoid
29(1)
Prepositions Used with Verbs
29(1)
Conjunctions
30(3)
Coordinating Conjunctions
30(1)
Correlative Conjunctions
30(1)
Subordinating Conjunctions
31(1)
Linking Adverbs
32(1)
Interjections
33(1)
Common Interjections
33(1)
Punctuation
33(1)
Punctuation and Punctuation Style
34(16)
End Marks---Period, Question Mark, Exclamation Point
34(2)
Period
34(1)
Question Mark
35(1)
Exclamation Point
35(1)
Comma
36(3)
Series Commas
36(1)
Independent Clauses
36(1)
Introductory Clauses, Phrases, Expressions
37(1)
Nonrestrictive Clauses and Nonessential Material
37(1)
Direct Address
37(1)
Commas and Clarity
37(1)
Traditional Comma Uses
38(1)
Comma Faults
38(1)
Semicolon
39(1)
Independent Clauses
39(1)
Series
40(1)
Colon
40(1)
Before a Series or List
40(1)
Between Independent Clauses
40(1)
Time
40(1)
Formal and Business Communications
41(1)
Quotation Marks
41(2)
Punctuation with Quotation Marks
41(1)
Brief and Long Quotations
42(1)
Single Quotation Marks
42(1)
Titles
42(1)
Terms and Expressions
43(1)
Apostrophe
43(1)
Possessive of Singular Nouns
43(1)
Possessive of Plural Nouns
43(1)
Indefinite and Personal Pronouns
43(1)
Individual and Joint Possession
44(1)
Units of Measure as Possessive Adjectives
44(1)
Plural Forms of Symbols
44(1)
Hyphens
44(2)
Compound Numbers and Fractions
45(1)
Continuous Numbers
45(1)
Prefixes and Suffixes
45(1)
Compound Adjectives
45(1)
Word Division
46(1)
Hyphenated Names
46(1)
To Avoid Confusion
46(1)
Dashes
46(1)
Parentheses
47(1)
Brackets
47(1)
Ellipses
47(1)
Italics
48(2)
Emphasis
48(1)
Foreign Words and Phrases
48(1)
Titles
48(1)
Vehicles
49(1)
Sentences and Sentence Patterns
50(7)
Sentences, Fragments, and Run-Ons
50(1)
Phrases and Clauses
51(1)
Phrases
51(1)
Clauses
51(1)
Subject and Predicate
52(3)
Forms of the Subject
52(1)
Forms of the Predicate
53(2)
Sentence Constructions
55(2)
Simple Sentence
55(1)
Compound Sentence
55(1)
Complex Sentence
55(1)
Compound-Complex Sentence
56(1)
Modifiers in Sentences
56(1)
Capitalization, Abbreviations, and Numbers
57(27)
Capitalization
57(7)
Proper Nouns and Adjectives
57(1)
Hyphenated Names and Prefixes
58(1)
Family Relationships
58(1)
Nationalities and Races
58(1)
Languages and School Subjects
58(1)
Religious Names and Terms
59(1)
Academic Degrees and Personal Titles
60(1)
Historic Events, Special Events, and Holidays
60(1)
Historical Monuments, Places, and Buildings
60(1)
Calendar Days, Months, and Seasons
61(1)
Documents
61(1)
Titles of Publications
61(1)
Compass Points
61(1)
Geographic Names and Regions
62(1)
Scientific Terms
62(1)
Capitals with Numbers
63(1)
Abbreviations
64(10)
General Guidelines
64(1)
Personal Names and Titles
64(2)
Company Names
66(1)
Agencies and Organizations
66(1)
Geographic Terms
67(3)
Time
70(1)
Scholarly Abbreviations
71(1)
Measures
71(2)
Science and Technology
73(1)
Commercial Abbreviations
73(1)
Numbers
74(10)
Arabic and Roman Numerals
74(1)
Figures or Words
74(2)
Ages
76(1)
Names
76(1)
Governmental Designations
77(1)
Organizations
77(1)
Addresses and Thoroughfares
78(1)
Time of Day
78(1)
Dates
79(2)
Money
81(1)
Percentages
81(1)
Fractions and Decimals
82(1)
Measures
82(1)
Temperature
83(1)
Parts of a Book
83(1)
Inclusive Numbers
83(1)
Spelling and Word Division
84(17)
Spelling Guidelines
84(12)
Prefixes
84(2)
Suffixes
86(6)
Plurals
92(3)
The i and e Rules
95(1)
Word Division
96(5)
General Rules
96(1)
Syllables and Word Division
96(1)
Single-Letter Syllables
97(1)
Final and Double Consonants
97(1)
Hyphenated Words
98(1)
Proper Names
98(1)
Figures and Abbreviations
98(3)
Part Two: Style Considerations
Sentences
101(4)
Using Sentence Patterns
101(4)
Brevity
105(2)
Clarity
107(6)
Keep the Words Fresh
107(2)
Jargon
107(1)
Buzz Words
107(1)
Cliches
108(1)
Keep Words Specific and Concrete
109(1)
Keep References Clear
110(1)
Keep Structures Parallel
111(2)
Accuracy
113(2)
Gender-Inclusive Language
115(26)
Nouns and Pronouns
115(3)
Alternative Noun-Forms
118(1)
Suffixes -ess, -ette, ix, -iennel -ine
119(1)
Social Titles
120(1)
Salutations
120(1)
Occupational Titles
120(5)
Appendixes
Appendix A. Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs
125(2)
Appendix B. Verb-Preposition Combinations
127(4)
Appendix C. Frequently Confused Words
131(6)
Appendix D. Frequently Misspelled Words
137(4)
Index 141(5)
Correction Symbols 146

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