The most up-to-date professional ethics reader available, Ethics Across the Professions: A Reader for Professional Ethics, Second Edition, analyzes the complex ethical issues that arise in such fields as engineering, finance, healthcare, journalism, and law. Featuring a wide array of both classic and contemporary sources, it ranges from works by Aristotle and Kant to selections by Michael Bayles, Sissela Bok, Paul Ekman, and Thomas Nagel. The book is organized topically and includes detailed chapter introductions, several practical case studies at the end of each chapter, and provocative discussion questions. The second edition includes reading and discussion questions for each article, fifteen new articles, five new cases, and an expanded chapter on philosophical ethics, including feminist ethics.
Clancy Martin is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Missouri-Kansas City. Martin has authored, coauthored, and edited several books in philosophy, including Love and Lies: An Essay on Truthfulness, Deceit, and the Growth and Care of Erotic Love (2015), Honest Work, Third Edition (OUP, 2013), and The Philosophy of Deception (OUP, 2009).
Wayne Vaught is Dean for College of Arts & Sciences, Professor of Philosophy and Medicine, and Director of the Center for Applied and Professional Ethics at University of Missouri-Kansas City. Professor Vaught has published articles on bioethics for The Journal of Clinical Ethics, Theoretical Ethics and Bioethics, and the Hastings Center Report.
The late Robert C. Solomon was Quincy Lee Centennial Professor of Business and Philosophy and Distinguished Teaching Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He was the author or editor of more than forty books.
Table of Contents
*=New to this Edition
1. What Is It to Be a Professional? The Professions, Leadership, and Work
Henry Mintzberg, The Professional Organization
Michael D. Bayles, The Professions
Michael Davis, Professional Responsibility: Just Following the Rules?
Joanne B. Ciulla, What Is Good Leadership?
Richard A. Wasserstrom, Lawyers as Professionals: Some Moral Issues
Samuel Gorovitz , Good Doctors
* Preston Stovall, Professional Virtue, Professional Self-Awareness, and Engineering Ethics
Case 1.1: "Professionalism and Nursing"
Case 1.2: Nick Denton, "Less Heat, More Light"
Case 1.3: Michael C. Loui, "The Professional Engineer"
2. How to Be Ethical
* Walter Stace, On Ethical Relativism
Aristotle, On the Good Life
Plato, The Ring of Gyges
Thomas Hobbes, Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery
Thomas Hobbes, Of the First and Second Natural Laws and of Contracts
Immanuel Kant, Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysics of Morals
John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism
* John Dewey, The Construction of Good
* Virginia Held, On Feminist Ethics
Case 2.1: James Rachels, "The Prisoner's Dilemma"
Case 2.2: Bernard Williams, "George, Jim, and Utilitarianism"
3. Professional Duties, Clients' Rights
Michael D. Bayles, The Professional-Client Relationship
Joel J. Kupperman, Autonomy and the Very Limited Role of Advocacy in the Classroom
John Wesley Hall, Jr., Professional Responsibility for Lawyers
John K. Davis, Conscientious Refusal and a Doctor's Right to Quit
Monroe H. Freedman, Solicitation of Clients: The Professional Responsibility to Chase Ambulances
Julie Cantor and Ken Baum, The Limits of Conscientious Objection--May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?
Alan Meisel and Mark Kuczewski, Legal and Ethical Myths about Informed Consent
Judge Spotswood W. Robinson, III, Opinion in Canterbury v. Spence
* Gerald Andrews Emison, American Pragmatism as a Guide for Professional Ethical Conduct for Engineers
Case 3.1: Edwin J. Perkins, "The Booming Twenties"
Case 3.2: Megan Rickel, "An Apple a Day"
Case 3.3: Allison Stevens, "Target at the Center of Battle over Plan B"
4. Truth, Lies, and Deception
* Clancy Martin, A Brief Introduction to the Morality of Deception
Robert C. Solomon, Is It Ever Right to Lie?
Joseph S. Ellin, Special Professional Morality and the Duty of Veracity
Paul Ekman and Mark G. Frank, Lies That Fail
Sissela Bok, Lying and Lies to the Sick and Dying
Joseph Collins, Should Doctors Tell the Truth?
Ronald H. Stein, Lying and Deception for Counselors and Clients
Benjamin Freedman, Offering Truth: One Ethical Approach to the Uninformed Cancer Patient
Burton M. Leiser, Truth in the Marketplace
Case 4.1: Stephen Hess, "Lying (for Journalists)"
Case 4.2: Mary R. Anderlik, Rebecca D. Pentz, and Kenneth R. Hess, "Revisiting the Truth-Telling Debate: A Study of Disclosure Practices at a Major Cancer Center"
Case 4.3: Robert C. Solomon, "Flying or Lying in Business Class"
Case 4.4: Robert C. Solomon, "Willful Ignorance? Or Deception?"
* Case 4.5: Byron Waller, "Clients Telling the Truth as They Know It"
5. Privacy and Confidentiality
Mary Beth Armstrong, Confidentiality: A Comparison Across the Professions of Medicine, Engineering, and Accounting
Sissela Bok, The Limits of Confidentiality
* Kenneth Kipnis, A Defense of Unqualified Medical Confidentiality
Alan Donagan, Justifying Legal Practice in the Adversary System: A Look at Confidentiality
Wayne Vaught, Parents, Lies, and Videotape: Covert Video Surveillance in Pediatric Care
* Jesper Ryberg, Privacy Rights, Crime Prevention, CCTV and the Life of Mrs. Aremac
* Bo Brinkman, An Analysis of Student Privacy Rights in the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems
Case 5.1: Oliver Mytton, "Should Doctors Talk to Relatives Without a Competent Patient's Consent?"
Case 5.2: R. Jeffrey Smith, "DeLay PAC Is Indicted for Illegal Donations: Corporate Gifts Aided GOP in Texas Races"
Case 5.3: Dwight Garner, "You're a Voyeur, I'm a Voyeur"
Case 5.4: Philip H. Albert, "Trade Secrets: It's Not Who You Know"
6. Integrity, Secrecy, and Trust
Sissela Bok, Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibility
Michael Davis, Some Paradoxes of Whistleblowing
Ronald Duska, Whistleblowing and Employee Loyalty
Robert C. Solomon and Fernando Flores, Building Trust
Lynne McFall, Integrity
Cheshire Calhoun, Standing for Something
Amy Gutmann, Can Virtue Be Taught to Lawyers?
Sissela Bok, Defining Secrecy--Some Crucial Distinctions
Thomas Nagel, Ruthlessness in Public Life
* Josiah Royce, Loyalty
Bernard Williams, Politics and Moral Character
Case 6.1: Charles F. Squire, "Is It Ethical to Criticize Other Dentists' Work?"
Case 6.2: Megan Rickel, "Blowing the Whistle in Iraq"
Case 6.3: Myron Glazer, "Ten Whistleblowers and How They Fared"
Case 6.4: Mimi Swants and Sherron Watkins, "Winners and Losers"
Case 6.5: Megan Rickel, "Chatty Doctors"
7. Professionalism and Social Responsibility
Bowen H. McCoy, The Parable of the Sadhu
John Rawls, Justice as Fairness
Peter Singer, Rich and Poor
Peter Singer, What Should a Billionaire Give--And What Should You?
Tom Tomlinson, Caring for Risky Patients: Duty or Virtue
Dalai Lama, The Ethic of Compassion
Amartya Sen, The Economics of Poverty
Rachel Smolkin, Off the Sidelines
Case 7.1: Arianna Huffington, "Pigs on Parade: Power, Perks, and Impunity"
Case 7.2: Suzanne Gamboa, "Groups Debate Costs of Educating Illegal Immigrant Children"
Case 7.3: William H. Shaw and Vincent Barry, "The Fordasaurus"
Case 7.4: Plato, "The Carpenter and the Cobbler"
* Case 7.5: J. Dwyer and D. F-C. Tsai, "Developing the Duty to Treat: HIV, SARS, and the Next Epidemic"
Case 7.6: Virginia G. Maurer, "Corporate Social Responsibility and the 'Divided Corporate Self': The Case of Chiquita in Columbia"
8. Conflicts of Interest and Government Regulation
C.S. Lewis, The Inner Ring
Adam Bellow, Nepotism in American Business
* Stephen Coleman, Conflict of Interest and Police: An Unavoidable Problem
* Daniel S. Goldberg, Concussions, Professional Sports, and Conflicts of Interest: Why the National Football League's Current Policies are Bad for Its (Players') Health
Richard T. De George, Ethical Issues for Accountants
Jason E. Klein and Alan R. Fleischman, The Private Practicing Physician-Investigator: Ethical Implications of Clinical Research in the Office Setting
Karen Sanders, Ethics and Journalism
* Maude Lalibert&D'e and Anne Hudon, Do Conflicts of Interest Create a New Professional Norm? Physical Therapists and Workers' Compensation
Rebecca Dresser, Plan B: Politics and Values at the FDA, Again
David Orentlicher and Lois Snyder, Can Assisted Suicide Be Regulated?
* Kenneth J. Arrow, Social Responsibility and Economic Efficiency
* John Corvino, "Under God's Authority": Professional Responsibility, Religious Accommodations, and the Culture Wars
Case 8.1: Scott J. Turner, "Drug Company Gifts: Marketing Technique Poses Ethical Questions for Some"
Case 8.2: Maria Merritt, "Moral Conflict in Clinical Trials"
Case 8.3: Albert Camus, "Quarantine Ethics"
Case 8.4: George J. Annas, "'Culture of Life': Politics at the Bedside--The Case of Terri Schiavo"