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Historical Theology : An Introduction to the History of Christian Thought,9780470672860

Historical Theology : An Introduction to the History of Christian Thought

Edition: 2nd
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 7/23/2012
Publisher(s): Wiley


Freshly updated for this second edition with considerable new material, this authoritative introduction to the history of Christian theology covers its development from the beginnings of the Patristic period just decades after Jesus's ministry, through to contemporary theological trends. A substantially updated new edition of this popular textbook exploring the entire history of Christian thought, written by the bestselling author and internationally-renowned theologian Features additional coverage of orthodox theology, the Holy Spirit, and medieval mysticism, alongside new sections on liberation, feminist, and Latino theologies, and on the global spread of Christianity Accessibly structured into four sections covering the Patristic period, the Middle Ages and Renaissance, the reformation and post-reformation eras, and the modern period spanning 1750 to the present day, addressing the key issues and people in each Includes case studies and primary readings at the end of each section, alongside comprehensive glossaries of key theologians, developments, and terminology Supported by additional resources available on publication at

Author Biography

Alister E. McGrath is the Head of the Centre for Theology, Religion Culture at King's College London, having previously been Professor of Historical Theology at the University of Oxford. He is one of the world's leading Protestant theologians and has long been involved in theological education. McGrath is also the author of some of the most widely used theology textbooks, including the bestselling Christian Theology: An Introduction (2010, Wiley-Blackwell), now in its fifth edition. He is in constant demand as a speaker at conferences throughout the world.

Table of Contents

How to Use this Bookp. xii
Introductionp. 1
The Concept of "Theology": A Brief Introductionp. 1
The Architecture of Theologyp. 4
Biblical studiesp. 5
Systematic theologyp. 6
Philosophical theologyp. 7
Pastoral theologyp. 7
Church historyp. 8
Historical Theology: Its Purpose and Placep. 8
The development of historical theologyp. 9
Historical theology as a pedagogic toolp. 11
Historical theology as a critical toolp. 12
Historical theology as a resource for systematic theologyp. 14
The Patristic Period, c. 100-451p. 16
A Clarification of Termsp. 17
Difficulties in Approaching Patristic Theologyp. 17
The Historical Background to Patristic Theologyp. 18
The historical importance of the city of Romep. 19
The problem of persecutionp. 19
The conversion of Constantinep. 20
The development of public theological debatep. 21
Centers of Theological Reflectionp. 22
Key Theologiansp. 22
Justin Martyrp. 22
Irenaeus of Lyonsp. 24
Origenp. 24
Tertullianp. 24
Athanasiusp. 25
Augustine of Hippop. 25
Key Theological Developmentsp. 26
The relation of Christian faith and classical culturep. 26
The extent of the New Testament canonp. 27
The role of traditionp. 28
The fixing of the ecumenical creedsp. 29
The two natures of Jesus Christp. 30
The doctrine of the Trinityp. 32
The doctrine of the churchp. 32
The doctrine of gracep. 33
Key Names, Words, and Phrasesp. 35
Questionsp. 35
Case Studiesp. 36
The Bible and traditionp. 36
The Arian controversy: The divinity of Christp. 41
The Alexandrian Christological school: The Apollinarian controversyp. 46
The Antiochene Christological School: The Nestroian controversyp. 49
The Trinity: Early developments and controversiesp. 53
The church: The Donatist controversyp. 62
Grace: The Pelagian controversyp. 67
Faith and philosophyp. 73
The Middle Ages and the Renaissance, C.500-1500p. 77
On Defining the "Middle Ages"p. 78
Medieval Theological Landmarks in Western Europep. 80
The Carolingian renaissancep. 80
The rise of cathedral and monastic schools of theologyp. 80
The religious orders and their "schools of theology"p. 82
The founding of the universitiesp. 82
Peter Lombard's Four Books of the Sentencesp. 83
The Rise of Scholasticismp. 84
The Italian Renaissancep. 84
The Rise of Humanismp. 85
Medieval Theological Landmarks in Eastern Europep. 86
The emergence of Byzantine theologyp. 87
The iconoclastic controversyp. 87
The hesychastic controversyp. 87
The fall of Constantinople (1453)p. 88
Key Theologiansp. 88
John of Damascusp. 88
Simeon the New Theologianp. 89
Anselm of Canterburyp. 90
Thomas Aquinasp. 90
Duns Scotusp. 91
William of Ockhamp. 92
Erasmus of Rotterdamp. 92
Key Theological Developmentsp. 93
The consolidation of the patristic heritagep. 93
The exploration of the role of reason in theologyp. 94
The development of theological systemsp. 95
The development of sacramental theologyp. 95
The development of the theology of gracep. 95
The role of Mary in the scheme of salvationp. 96
Returning directly to the sources of Christian theologyp. 96
The critique of the Vulgate translation of Scripturep. 97
Key Names, Words, and Phrasesp. 98
Questionsp. 98
Case Studiesp. 98
Arguments for the existence of Godp. 98
Understandings of the atonementp. 104
The theology of the sacramentsp. 109
The interpretation of the Biblep. 112
Renaissance humanism and the Biblep. 115
Augustinianism and Pelagianism in late medieval theologyp. 118
The Reformation and Post-Reformation Periods, 1500-1750p. 124
Reformation - or Reformations?p. 125
A Clarification of Termsp. 126
The German Reformation - Lutheranismp. 127
The Swiss Reformation - the Reformed churchp. 128
The radical Reformation - Anabaptismp. 129
The English Reformation - Anglicanismp. 130
The Catholic Reformationp. 131
Protestant Orthodoxyp. 131
Post-Reformation Movementsp. 133
The consolidation of Catholicismp. 133
Puritanismp. 134
Pietismp. 135
Key Theologiansp. 136
Martin Lutherp. 136
Huldrych Zwinglip. 137
John Calvinp. 137
Teresa of Avilàp. 138
Theodore Bezap. 138
Johann Gerhardp. 138
Roberto Bellarminep. 139
Jonathan Edwardsp. 139
Key Theological Developmentsp. 139
The sources of theologyp. 140
The doctrine of gracep. 140
The doctrine of the sacramentsp. 141
The doctrine of the churchp. 141
Developments in Theological Literaturep. 141
Catechismsp. 142
Confessions of faithp. 143
Works of systematic theologyp. 144
Key Names, Words, and Phrasesp. 146
Questionsp. 146
Case Studiesp. 146
Bible and tradition in the Reformation debatesp. 146
Justification by faith: Protestantism and the Council of Trentp. 154
The nature of the real presence: Luther, Zwingli, and the Council of Trentp. 164
The debate over infant baptismp. 167
The doctrine of the church: Trends within Protestantismp. 171
Theology and astronomy: The Copernican and Galileian debatesp. 177
The Modern Period, 1750 to the Present Dayp. 182
A Cultural Waterrshed: The Enlightenmentp. 184
The Enlightenment Critique of Christian Theologyp. 184
The notion of revelationp. 185
The status and interpretation of the Biblep. 185
The identity and significance of Jesus Christp. 185
The doctrine of the Trinityp. 186
The critique of miraclesp. 186
The rejection of original sinp. 187
The problem of evilp. 187
Romanticism and the Critique of the Enlightenmentp. 187
The Crisis of Faith in Victorian Englandp. 189
Postmodernism and a New Theological Agendap. 190
Key Theologiansp. 192
F. D. E. Schleiermancherp. 193
John Henry Newmanp. 193
Karl Barthp. 193
Paul Tillichp. 194
Karl Rahnerp. 194
Hans Urs von Balthasarp. 194
Jürgen Moltmannp. 195
Wolfhart Pannenbergp. 195
Some Recent Western Theological Movements and Trendsp. 195
Liberal Protestantismp. 196
Modernismp. 198
Neo-orthodoxyp. 199
Ressourcement, or, la nouvelle théologiep. 201
Feminismp. 202
Liberation theologyp. 204
Black theologyp. 206
Postliberalismp. 209
Radical orthodoxyp. 209
Key Names, Words, and Phrasesp. 209
Questionsp. 210
Case Studiesp. 210
The quests of the historical Jesusp. 210
The basis and nature of salvationp. 221
The debate over the Resurrectionp. 233
The Trinity in twentieth-century thoughtp. 239
Twentieth-century discussions of the doctrine of the churchp. 245
Natural theology and the rationality of faithp. 252
The feminist critique of traditional Christian theologyp. 256
Christian approaches to other religionsp. 259
Where Next?p. 269
Details of Theologiansp. 271
A Glossary of Theological Termsp. 276
For Further Readingp. 288
Sources of Citationsp. 292
Indexp. 297
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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