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Inquiry By Design Pa (Update/Rev),9780393731842

Inquiry By Design Pa (Update/Rev)

by
Edition: Revised
Format: Trade Paper
Pub. Date: 2/17/2006
Publisher(s): W W NORTON

Summary

What information can social scientists offer designers about the ways in which people and groups with different needs and purposes behave in different settings? And how can designers use this information to best advantage? Illustrating his points with many references to actual projects in North America and Europe, John Zeisel explains, in nontechnical language, the integration of research and design. Sociological, psychological, and anthropological methods can be tailored to address such practical questions as how to keep tourists from getting lost in a city and how to build low-income housing projects that will not be vandalized. A wide audience will find his presentation stimulating and useful. Social scientists will be interested in the potential he describes for the application of their work; designers, architects, landscape architects, and planners will welcome his practical account of how and when, in programming, design review, and evaluation, to undertake environment-behavior research. Inquiry by Design is a lively and provocative text for students in all the fields related to environmental change.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments 9(2)
Foreword 11(2)
Preface 13(4)
PART ONE RESEARCH AND DESIGN
17(140)
Design: Images, Presentations, and Tests
19(14)
Why Describe Design?
Five Characteristics of Designing
Overview
Research: Concepts, Hypotheses, and Tests
33(14)
Developing Concepts
Formulating Hypotheses
Empirical Testing
Overview
Research and Design Cooperation
47(28)
Purposes of Cooperation
Occasions for Cooperation
Overview
Side Effects of Cooperation
75(16)
Risk Taking
Critical Testing
Tacit and Explicit Knowing
Overview
Research Methodology: Approaches, Designs, and Settings
91(28)
Research Approaches
Research Designs
Research Settings
Overview
Research Quality
119(22)
Shared Methods
Comparable Presentations
Controlled Results
Overview
The Brain's Environment System
141(16)
The E/B/N Paradigm
The Brain
The Brain's Environment System
The Brain's Design Process
The Brain's Creative Development Spiral
Overview
PART TWO RESEARCH METHODS
157(224)
Observing Physical Traces
159(32)
Qualities of the Method
Recording Devices
What to Look For
Physical Traces Update
Overview
Observing Environmental Behavior
191(36)
Qualitities of the Method
Observers' Vantage Points
Recording Devices
What to Observe
Observing Behavior Update
Overview
Focused Interviews
227(30)
Pre-Interview Analysis and Interview Guide
Objectives of Focused Interviews
Basic Characteristics of Focused Interviewing
Probes
Group Focused Interviews
Focused Interview Update
Overview
Standardized Questionnaires
257(30)
Qualities
Organization
Coding Open-Ended Reponses
Precoding Responses
Visual Responses
Questionnaires Update
Overview
Asking Questions: Topics and Format
287(24)
Topics
Format
Overview
Archives
311(44)
Qualities
Using Archives
Document Files
Types of Data
Plan Annotation
Behavioral Plan Analysis
Data Archive Update
Overview
Environment/Behavior/Neuroscience
355(26)
Neuroscience and E-B Concepts
Neuroscience/Design Arriving at Different Design Criteria
E/B/N Performance Criteria Design Guidelines
Overview
Afterword 381(4)
References 385(8)
Index 393

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