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Peace Operations Seen from Below: UN Missions and Local People,9781565492240

Peace Operations Seen from Below: UN Missions and Local People

by
Edition: 1st
Format: Nonspecific Binding
Pub. Date: 6/1/2006
Publisher(s): Lynne Rienner
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

* Explores many ways local populations think about and respond to peacekeepers * Timely reflection on nature of peacekeeping operations, occupation, and conflict resolution or escalation * Engagingly written, suitable for undergraduate level courses Cambodia, Somalia, Mozambique, El Salvador, Bosnia, Haiti, Sierra Leone: all have been the subject of interventions by UN peacekeeping forces sent to stabilize these societies torn by political and ethnic conflict. Yet little is known or has been investigated about how local inhabitants interact with and respond to peacekeepers in their midst. In Peace Operations Seen From Below, Béatrice Pouligny argues that much of what is being rebuilt in societies emerging from war 'or in some cases what is continuing to be destroyed'often lies in the 'ordinary' daily lives of both local populations and the staff of UN peacekeeping missions. Pouligny's close analysis of UN interventions, based on first hand observation of how local people intermingle with UN soldiery and civilians, sheds light on a neglected but crucial dimension of international peace enforcement. By foregrounding the experiences of 'ordinary' people, she renders visible those who are often hidden within the fog of both war and peace.

Author Biography

Beatrice Pouligny is a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for International Studies and Research (CERI - Sciences Po) and a professor at IEP (the Institute of Political Science).

Table of Contents

Prefacep. ix
Acknowledgementsp. xviii
Acronymsp. xxi
Introduction: The United Nations between War and Peacep. 1
The New Forms of Peace Operationsp. 1
Over-ambitious mandatesp. 3
Peace operations in wartimep. 6
Short-term agendas and exit strategiesp. 8
UN roles in the peace processp. 11
International Visions of War and Peacep. 13
Consequences of the end of the bipolar orderp. 14
Cloudy perceptions of conflictsp. 20
The naming game: how the 'international community' qualifies a crisisp. 25
Local Geography of UN peace operationsp. 27
Very partial deploymentsp. 28
Variations according to categories of staffp. 30
Some methods of deployment may reinforce divisionsp. 32
The Various Faces of Local Populationsp. 42
The Sphere of Political, Military and Economic Entrepreneursp. 44
A variety of political interpretationsp. 45
Shifting alliances between political and military actorsp. 57
Economic entrepreneursp. 64
Indigenous 'Civil Societies'p. 67
Formal social organisationsp. 69
Community actorsp. 75
Religious actors: a specific casep. 81
'Local' Employees of UN Operationsp. 87
How to become a UN local employeep. 89
Why does one seek a job in a UN mission?p. 91
Intermediaries? Informers? Collaborators?p. 92
Peacekeepers and Local Societies: the Encounter and its Effectsp. 96
Different Interpretations of a Peace Operation's Mandatep. 96
Representations of 'order' and 'peace'p. 96
Sizing up the aims of a United Nations missionp. 109
Signals sent during operations by peace missionsp. 113
'They themselves do not know what their mandate is'p. 118
Missions' (in)Capacity to carry out their Mandatesp. 123
The weight of the word: how the UN is hindered by its member statesp. 123
Discords in the 'international community' on the groundp. 128
Internal divisions within operations: the micro-sociology of UN missions according to local actorsp. 131
Peacekeepers Lost in Complex Environmentsp. 141
Defects in intelligence service and analysis capacityp. 141
The failures of missions' information policies to target local societiesp. 147
'Intervention' and 'Sovereignty': the View from Belowp. 155
The History of Relations with the outside Worldp. 156
Figures of Interventionp. 162
Factors of Mobilisation against the UNp. 171
The aims of anti-UN movementsp. 173
When peacekeepers become oppressorsp. 175
Conditions for effective development of mobilisationp. 178
Ideas of 'Legitimacy' and 'Impartiality' Redefined by Local Conditionsp. 180
Strategies of Local Actorsp. 189
What Local Actors Expect from the UNp. 190
UN legitimationp. 190
The UN grants access to additional material resourcesp. 196
Compromising the UN: making the mission an allyp. 207
The UN as an alibi and a scapegoatp. 214
Highly Volatile Balance of Powerp. 217
Why references to figures of 'spoilers' do not add upp. 217
How local actors pressure the UNp. 224
Neither 'Indifferent' nor 'Apathetic': Why local communities protect themselves from the Peacekeepersp. 234
Forgotten Promises: How the UN Pretends to Achieve Peacep. 238
The Limits of Imposed 'Procedural Democracy' in Post-War Societiesp. 239
The Political Non-Sense of Most Economic Reconstruction Programsp. 246
Ambiguities of Peacekeepers' Role in Maintaining 'Law and Order'p. 250
The Forgotten Dimensions of 'Justice' and 'Reconciliation' Programsp. 259
Conclusionp. 270
Select Bibliographyp. 277
Indexp. 289
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

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