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Rise of Christianity,9780800619312

Rise of Christianity

by
Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 4/1/1986
Publisher(s): Fortress Pr
Availability: This title is currently not available.

Summary

'A history of early Christianity like this one comes along only once in a generation. Only by reading this book can one appreciate how vast and disciplined is its scholarship, how thoughtful, how thoughtful its attention to both large historical currents and the little people and details that form the bed, and force the eddying, of history's great stream.'

Table of Contents

Illustrations
x
Abbreviations xiii
Introduction 1(10)
Part 1: Jews and Christians
The Jewish Background
11(42)
From 587 to 140 B. C.
15(3)
Palestine in the Last Century B. C.
18(4)
Sects and Parties
22(8)
The Dispersion
30(23)
Jesus of Nazareth
53(32)
Baptism
58(2)
Temptations
60(1)
Jesus and John
61(2)
The Galilean Mission A. D. 28--29
63(6)
Martyr Prophet
69(1)
On to Jerusalem
69(2)
The Last Phase
71(14)
Paul and the First Expansion 30--65
85(34)
The Jerusalem Community
87(4)
The Emergence of Paul
91(4)
The Mission
95(6)
The Opposition
101(1)
The Pauline Christ
101(3)
The New Religion and Society
104(2)
Paul and James
106(1)
The Pauline Ministry
106(1)
The Liturgy
107(1)
Baptism and Eucharist
108(1)
Relations with the Authorities
108(1)
The Neronian Persecution A.D. 64
109(10)
The Christian Synagogue 70--135
119(42)
The New Israel and the Old
121(5)
The Christian Mission
126(5)
The Church and Society
131(3)
Sound Doctrine and Its Opponents
134(5)
The Christian Ministry
139(2)
The Liturgy
141(1)
Differing Interpretations
142(5)
The Christians and the Empire
147(14)
Opposition Cult 135--80
161(32)
The Roman Empire in the Second Century
164(7)
The Opposition
171(7)
Christian Advance
178(15)
Acute Hellenization 135--93
193(36)
The Gnostic Movement
195(6)
Reasons for the Success of Gnosticism
201(4)
The Alexandrian Gnostic Teachers
205(5)
The Gnostic Legacy
210(2)
Marcion
212(5)
Later Developments
217(12)
The Emergence of Orthodoxy 135--93
229(42)
The Apologists
234(10)
Irenaeus
244(6)
Emergent Orthodoxy
250(1)
Threats to Unity
251(5)
Conclusion
256(15)
Part 2: Christianity and the Roman Empire
Out of the Shadows 193--235
271(36)
The Severan Dynasty
272(2)
Christianity's Rivals
274(7)
Orthodoxy
281(4)
Revival of Mission
285(8)
Pagan Reaction
293(1)
The Return of Peace
294(13)
Struggle and Advance 235--60
307(30)
Christian Progress
309(5)
Manicheism
314(4)
The Decian Persecution
318(6)
Valerian
324(13)
The Third Century: The Western Churches 190--260
337(30)
Latin Christianity
339(28)
The Third Century: Christian Platonism of Alexandria and Its Opponents 190--275
367(30)
Christian Platonists
368(29)
Church and People in the Third Century
397(42)
Authority and Church Order
398(5)
Bishops and Clergy
403(9)
The Seniores
412(1)
The People
413(1)
Art, Literature, and Ethics
414(7)
Rural Christianity and the First Monks
421(18)
The Age of Diocletian 270--305
439(34)
The Pagan Front
440(4)
The Advance of Christianity
444(8)
Diocletian and the Great Persecution
452(21)
The Constantinian Revolution 305--30
473(48)
Tetrarchy and Dynasty
474(3)
The Propaganda War
477(2)
The Hinge of Fate 311--13
479(5)
From Milan to Chrysopolis 313--24
484(4)
The Donatists: Pandora's Box
488(4)
Arius
492(6)
Council of Nicaea
498(3)
Constantinople: Nova Roma
501(20)
Part 3: From Constantine to Chalcedon
Toward Byzantinism 330--61
521(32)
Constantine and Athanasius
523(5)
The Council of Sardica 342/43
528(4)
The Search for Equilibrium 343--53
532(2)
Constantius as Sole Emperor 353--61
534(4)
Constantius and the Quest for a Unifying Creed
538(15)
From Pagan to Christian Society 330--60
553(40)
The New Synthesis
554(7)
The Process of Christianization
561(10)
Christianity and the Countryside
571(22)
Hero of a Lost Cause: The Emperor Julian 360--63
593(22)
The Early Years
594(4)
The Successful General
598(6)
The Failed Revolution
604(11)
New Perspectives in West and East 363--99
615(36)
The West
617(12)
The East
629(22)
The North African Dimension 370--430
651(48)
The Donatists
653(6)
Augustine
659(14)
Pelagius and Pelagianism
673(26)
Christianity and Barbarism: The West 380--450
699(42)
The End of the Pagan Ideal
701(4)
Claudian
705(1)
Prudentius
706(5)
Priscillian
711(2)
Paulinus
713(2)
Jerome
715(4)
Honoratus
719(1)
John Cassian
719(2)
The Church and the Internal Crisis of the Empire
721(20)
The Road to Chalcedon 398--451
741(48)
The Survival of the East Roman Provinces
743(6)
John Chrysostom at Constantinople 398--404
749(3)
Nestorius and Cyril 428--31
752(9)
The Formula of Reunion 433
761(1)
The Interlude 433--46
762(2)
Dioscorus and Eutyches
764(6)
Chalcedon 451
770(19)
Part 4: The Parting of the Ways
The Catholic Recovery in the West 451--536
789(38)
Britain
792(3)
North Africa Under the Vandals
795(5)
Gaul
800(5)
Italy
805(2)
The Acacian Schism and Its Aftermath
807(6)
The Decline of the Ostrogothic Kingdom
813(14)
Justinian and the Byzantine Achievement 527--65
827(42)
Justinian's Renewal (Renovatio)
828(4)
The Reoccupation of North Africa 533--34
832(3)
Byzantine Art and Architecture
835(2)
The Emergence of the Monophysite Church 519--31
837(11)
The Emergence of Neo-Chalcedonianism
848(2)
The Three Chapters 544--54
850(4)
The Failure of the Reconquista 555--65
854(15)
``And East Is East . . .'' 565--604
869(34)
Rome and Constantinople
870(3)
Chalcedonians and Monophysites
873(4)
The Celtic Irruption
877(4)
St. Benedict and Monasticism
881(2)
Pope Gregory I
883(20)
Epilogue 903(4)
General Bibliography 907(4)
Appendixes 911(1)
Synopsis of Events 912(74)
Maps 986(5)
Names Index 991(22)
Subject Index 1013

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