Founded by André Breton in 1924, Surrealism sought to examine the unconscious realm by means of the written and/or spoken word. Seeking to expand the ability of language to evoke irrational states and improbable events, it consistently strove to transcend the linguistic status quo. By stretching language to its limits and beyond, the Surrealists transformed it into an instrument for exploring the human psyche. The twenty-four poets in the present collection come not only from France, where Surrealism was invented, but also from Spain, Belgium, Egypt, Martinique, Mauritius, Mexico, Chile, and Peru. Three of them were eventually awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (Vicente Aleixandre, Pablo Neruda, and Octavio Paz). Equipped with a critical introduction and a brief bibliography, this anthology will appeal to anyone interested in modern poetry.
Willard Bohn is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of French and Comparative Literature at Illinois State University, USA. He is the author or editor of thirteen books, including Marvelous Encounters: Surrealist Responses to Film, Art, Poetry and Architecture, Italian Futurist Poetry, The Dada Market: An Anthology of Poetry, and The Aesthetics of Visual Poetry, 1914-1928. He has also published 130 articles in journals such as Romantic Review, Comparative Literature, French Studies, Comparative Literature Studies, The Art Bulletin, MLN, Hispanic Review, the Revue de Littérature Comparée, and Comparative Critical Studies.
Acknowledgments / Introduction / Rafael Alberti / Vicente Aleixandre / Antonin Artaud / Braulio Arenas / André Breton / André Breton, René Char, and Paul Eluard / André Breton and Philippe Soupault / Luis Cernuda / Aimé Césaire / René Char / Malcolm de Chazal / Robert Desnos / Paul Eluard / J. V. Foix / Federico García Lorca / José María Hinojosa / Marianne van Hirtum / Miguel Labordeta / Joyce Mansour
/ E.L.T. Mesens / César Moro / Pablo Neruda / Octavio Paz / Benjamin Péret / Giselle Prassinos / Philippe Soupault / Selected Bibliography