Skip Navigation
List Price: $336.39

Rent Textbook

Select for Price
Add to Cart Free Shipping
There was a problem. Please try again later.

New Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Used Textbook

We're Sorry
Sold Out

Summary

This is the best book on theories ever published. The fourth edition is theory-oriented and has been reorganized into four parts examing theories of psychodynamics, personality structure, growth and perceived reality, and learning. It also includes new chapters on Eysenck, Bandura, Kelly, and social learning theories.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Nature of Personality Theory
1(26)
Personality Theory and the History of Psychology
2(5)
What Is Personality?
7(2)
What Is a Theory?
9(5)
A Theory of Personality
14(2)
Personality Theory and Other Psychological Theories
16(2)
The Comparison of Theories of Personality
18(9)
Formal Attributes
19(1)
Substantive Attributes
20(7)
Emphasis on Psychodynamics 27(192)
Chapter 2 Sigmund Freud's Classical Psychoanalytic Theory
30(48)
Introduction and Context
30(1)
Personal History
31(4)
The Structure of Personality
35(3)
The Id
35(1)
The Ego
36(1)
The Superego
37(1)
The Dynamics of Personality
38(9)
Instinct
39(4)
The Distribution and Utilization of Psychic Energy
43(3)
Anxiety
46(1)
The Development of Personality
47(10)
Identification
47(1)
Displacement
48(2)
The Defense Mechanisms of the Ego
50(2)
Stages of Development
52(5)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
57(10)
Freud's Scientific Credo
59(2)
Free Association and Dream Analysis
61(2)
Freud's Case Studies
63(3)
Freud's Self-analysis
66(1)
Current Research
67(6)
Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation
67(4)
New Look 3
71(2)
Current Status and Evaluation
73(5)
Chapter 3 Carl Jung's Analytic Theory
78(44)
Introduction and Context
79(1)
Personal History
80(4)
The Structure of Personality
84(12)
The Ego
84(1)
The Personal Unconscious
84(1)
The Collective Unconscious
85(5)
The Self
90(1)
The Attitudes
91(1)
The Functions
91(3)
Interactions Among the Systems of Personality
94(2)
The Dynamics of Personality
96(5)
Psychic Energy
97(2)
The Principle of Equivalence
99(1)
The Principle of Entropy
100(1)
The Use of Energy
101(1)
The Development of Personality
101(8)
Casuality Versus Teleology
101(1)
Synchronicity
102(1)
Heredity
103(1)
Stages of Development
103(2)
Progression and Regression
105(1)
The Individuation Process
106(1)
The Transcendent Function
106(1)
Sublimation and Repression
107(1)
Symbolization
107(2)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
109(4)
Experimental Studies of Complexes
109(1)
Case Studies
110(1)
Comparative Studies of Mythology, Religion, and the Occult Sciences
110(2)
Dreams
112(1)
Current Research
113(5)
Jung's Typology
113(2)
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
115(3)
Current Status and Evaluation
118(4)
Chapter 4 Social Psychological Theories: Adler, Fromm, Horney, and Sullivan
122(51)
Introduction and Context
123(1)
ALFRED ADLER
124(16)
Fictional Finalism
128(1)
Striving for Superiority
129(1)
Inferiority Feelings and Compensation
130(1)
Social Interest
131(1)
Style of Life
132(3)
The Creative Self
135(1)
Neurosis
136(1)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
137(1)
Order of Birth and Personality
137(1)
Early Memories
138(1)
Childhood Experiences
139(1)
Current Research
139(1)
Social Interest
139(1)
ERICH FROMM
140(6)
KAREN HORNEY
146(7)
Horney and Freud
147(2)
Basic Anxiety
149(1)
The Neurotic Needs
150(2)
Three Solutions
152(1)
Alienation
152(1)
HARRY STACK SULLIVAN
153(20)
The Structure of Personality
157(4)
Dynamisms
157(2)
Personifications
159(1)
Cognitive Processes
160(1)
The Dynamics of Personality
161(2)
Tension
161(1)
Energy Transformations
162(1)
The Development of Personality
163(4)
Stages of Development
163(3)
Determiners of Development
166(1)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
167(2)
The Interview
167(1)
Research on Schizophrenia
168(1)
Current Status and Evaluation
169(4)
Chapter 5 Erik Erikson and Contemporary Psychoanalytic Theory
173(46)
Introduction and Context
174(1)
Ego Psychology
175(4)
Anna Freud
176(3)
Object Relations
179(4)
Heinz Kohut
181(2)
The Merging of Psychoanalysis and Psychology
183(7)
George Klein
184(3)
Robert White
187(3)
ERIK H. ERIKSON
190(29)
Personal History
190(5)
The Psychosocial Theory of Development
195(10)
I. Basic Trust Versus Basic Mistrust
196(2)
II. Autonomy Versus Shame and Doubt
198(1)
III. Initiative Versus Guilt
199(1)
IV. Industry Versus Inferiority
200(1)
V. Identity Versus Identity Confusion
201(2)
VI. Intimacy Versus Isolation
203(1)
VII. Generativity Versus Stagnation
203(1)
VIII. Integrity Versus Despair
204(1)
A New Conception of the Ego
205(2)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
207(6)
Case Histories
207(1)
Play Situations
207(4)
Anthropological Studies
211(1)
Psychohistory
211(2)
Current Research
213(4)
Identity Status
214(1)
Other Stages
215(1)
Cross-Cultural Status
216(1)
Current Status and Evaluation
217(2)
Emphasis on Personality Structure 219(172)
Chapter 6 Henry Murray's Personology
221(46)
Introduction and Context
222(1)
Personal History
223(5)
The Structure of Personality
228(5)
Definition of Personality
228(1)
Proceedings and Serials
229(1)
Serial Programs and Schedules
230(1)
Abilities and Achievements
231(1)
Establishments of Personality
231(2)
The Dynamics of Personality
233(11)
Need
234(5)
Press
239(2)
Tension Reduction
241(1)
Thema
241(1)
Need Integrate
242(1)
Unity-Thema
242(1)
Regnant Processes
243(1)
Vector-Value Scheme
243(1)
The Development of Personality
244(7)
Infantile Complexes
246(3)
Genetic-Maturational Determinants
249(1)
Learning
249(1)
Sociocultural Determinants
249(1)
Uniqueness
250(1)
Unconscious Processes
250(1)
The Socialization Process
251(1)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
251(6)
Intensive Study of Small Numbers of Normal Subjects
252(1)
The Diagnostic Council
252(1)
Instruments of Personality Measurement
252(2)
Representative Studies
254(3)
Current Research
257(6)
McClelland and Social Motives
257(2)
Interactionism
259(2)
"Where Is the Person?"
261(1)
Psychobiography
261(2)
Current Status and Evaluation
263(4)
Chapter 7 Gordon Allport and the Individual
267(43)
Introduction and Context
267(1)
Personal History
268(5)
The Structure and Dynamics of Personality
273(12)
Personality, Character, and Temperament
274(1)
Trait
275(4)
Intentions
279(1)
The Proprium
280(1)
Functional Autonomy
281(4)
The Unity of Personality
285(1)
The Development of Personality
285(4)
The Infant
285(1)
Transformation of the Infant
286(1)
The Adult
287(2)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
289(9)
Idiographic Versus Nomothetic
289(2)
Direct and Indirect Measures of Personality
291(1)
Studies of Expressive Behavior
292(5)
Letters from Jenny
297(1)
Current Research
298(7)
Interactionism and the "Person-Situation Debate" Revisited
298(2)
Idiographics and Idiothetics
300(2)
Allport Revisited
302(3)
Current Status and Evaluation
305(5)
Chapter 8 Raymond Cattell's Factor-Analytic Trait Theory
310(50)
Introduction and Context
310(4)
Factor Analysis
311(3)
Personal History
314(3)
The Nature of Personality: A Structure of Traits
317(17)
Traits
318(1)
Ability and Temperament Traits
319(4)
The Specification Equation
323(3)
Dynamic Traits
326(6)
Cattell and Freud
332(2)
The Development of Personality
334(5)
Heredity-Environment Analysis
335(1)
Learning
335(2)
Integration of Maturation and Learning
337(1)
The Social Context
337(2)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
339(6)
A Factor-Analytic Study of a Single Individual
340(3)
The VIDAS Systems Model of Personality
343(2)
Current Research
345(11)
The Big Five Factors of Personality
345(3)
Behavior Genetics
348(4)
Evolutionary Personality Theory
352(4)
Current Status and Evaluation
356(4)
Chapter 9 Hans Eysenck's Biological Trait Theory
360(31)
Introduction and Context
360(5)
Personal History
365(2)
The Description of Temperament
367(6)
Extraversion and Neuroticism
367(4)
Psychoticism
371(2)
Causal Models
373(7)
Eysenck (1957)
374(2)
Eysenck (1967)
376(4)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
380(5)
Current Research
385(4)
Gray
385(2)
Zuckerman
387(2)
Current Status and Evaluation
389(2)
Emphasis on Perceived Reality 391(99)
Chapter 10 George Kelly's Personal Construct Theory
394(40)
Introduction and Context
395(1)
KURT LEWIN
396(14)
The Structure of Personality
397(7)
The Life Space
398(1)
Differentiation
399(1)
Connections Between Regions
400(3)
The Number of Regions
403(1)
The Person in the Environment
403(1)
The Dynamics of Personality
404(6)
Energy
405(1)
Tension
405(1)
Need
405(1)
Tension and Motoric Action
406(1)
Valence
406(1)
Force or Vector
407(1)
Locomotion
408(2)
The Development of Personality
410(1)
GEORGE KELLY
410(24)
Personal History
411(2)
Basic Assumptions
413(5)
Constructive Alternativism
413(1)
Man-the-Scientist
414(1)
Focus on the Construer
415(1)
Motivation
416(1)
Being Oneself
417(1)
Personal Constructs
418(2)
Scales
419(1)
The Fundamental Postulate and Its Corollaries
420(5)
The Continuum of Cognitive Awareness
425(1)
Constructs About Change
426(1)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
427(2)
Current Research
429(1)
Current Status and Evaluation
430(4)
Chapter 11 Carl Rogers's Person-Centered Theory
434(56)
Introduction and Context
435(2)
KURT GOLDSTEIN
437(7)
The Structure of the Organism
439(1)
The Dynamics of the Organism
440(3)
Equalization
440(1)
Self-Actualization
441(1)
"Coming to Terms" with the Environment
442(1)
The Development of the Organism
443(1)
ABRAHAM MASLOW
444(10)
Assumptions about Human Nature
446(2)
Hierarchy of Needs
448(4)
Syndromes
452(1)
Self-Actualizers
453(1)
CARL ROGERS
454(36)
Personal History
458(3)
The Structure of Personality
461(3)
The Organism
461(2)
The Self
463(1)
Organism and Self: Congruence and Incongruence
463(1)
The Dynamics of Personality
464(2)
The Development of Personality
466(5)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
471(9)
Qualitative Studies
472(1)
Content Analysis
472(1)
Rating Scales
473(2)
Q-Technique Studies
475(5)
Experimental Studies of the Self-Concept
480(1)
Other Empirical Approaches
480(1)
Current Research
480(5)
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
481(2)
Self-Discrepancy Theory
483(2)
The Dynamic Self-Concept
485(1)
Current Status and Evaluation
485(5)
Emphasis on Learning 490(139)
Chapter 12 B. F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning
492(43)
Introduction and Context
492(1)
Personal History
493(5)
Some General Considerations
498(6)
Lawfulness of Behavior
498(2)
Functional Analysis
500(4)
The Structure of Personality
504(2)
The Dynamics of Personality
506(2)
The Development of Personality
508(15)
Classical Conditioning
508(1)
Operant Conditioning
509(3)
Schedules of Reinforcement
512(1)
Superstitious Behavior
513(2)
Secondary Reinforcement
515(1)
Stimulus Generalization and Discrimination
516(1)
Social Behavior
517(2)
Abnormal Behavior
519(4)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
523(4)
Current Research
527(1)
Current Status and Evaluation
528(7)
Chapter 13 Dollard and Miller's Stimulus-Response Theory
535(55)
Introduction and Context
535(4)
Personal Histories
539(5)
An Illustrative Experiment
544(6)
The Structure of Personality
550(1)
The Dynamics of Personality
551(1)
The Development of Personality
551(10)
Innate Equipment
552(1)
The Learning Process
552(2)
Secondary Drive and the Learning Process
554(1)
Higher Mental Processes
555(2)
The Social Context
557(1)
Critical Stages of Development
558(3)
Applications of the Model
561(10)
Unconscious Processes
561(2)
Conflict
563(3)
How Neuroses Are Learned
566(3)
Psychotherapy
569(2)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
571(2)
Current Research
573(13)
Wolpe
573(6)
Seligman
579(7)
Current Status and Evaluation
586(4)
Chapter 14 Albert Bandura and Social Learning Theories
590(39)
Introduction and Context
590(1)
ALBERT BANDURA
591(25)
Personal History
593(1)
Reconceptualization of Reinforcement
594(2)
Principles of Observational Learning
596(4)
Attentional Processes
597(1)
Retention Processes
598(1)
Production Processes
598(1)
Motivational Processes
598(2)
Reciprocal Determinism
600(3)
The Self-System
603(3)
Self-Observation
604(1)
Judgmental Process
604(1)
Self-Reaction
604(2)
Applications to Therapy
606(1)
Self-Efficacy
607(5)
Characteristic Research and Research Methods
612(4)
WALTER MISCHEL
616(13)
Cognitive Person Variables
619(1)
The Consistency Paradox and Cognitive Prototypes
620(2)
A Cognitive-Affective System Theory of Personality
622(4)
Current Status and Evaluation
626(3)
Perspectives and Conclusions 629(23)
Chapter 15 Personality Theory in Perspective
630(22)
The Comparison of Theories of Personality
631(11)
Some Reflections on Current Personality Theory
642(6)
Theoretical Synthesis Versus Theoretical Multiplicity
648(4)
References 652(70)
Photo Credits 722(1)
Name Index 723(7)
Subject Index 730

An electronic version of this book is available through VitalSource.

This book is viewable on PC, Mac, iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, and most smartphones.

By purchasing, you will be able to view this book online, as well as download it, for the chosen number of days.

A downloadable version of this book is available through the eCampus Reader or compatible Adobe readers.

Applications are available on iOS, Android, PC, Mac, and Windows Mobile platforms.

Please view the compatibility matrix prior to purchase.

Visa
Mastercard
American Express
Comodo
McAfee