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Unequal Freedom : How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor,9780674013728

Unequal Freedom : How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor

Format: Paperback
Pub. Date: 4/15/2004
Publisher(s): Harvard Univ Pr
Availability: This title is currently not available.


The inequalities that persist in America have deep historical roots. Evelyn Nakano Glenn untangles this complex history in a unique comparative regional study from the end of Reconstruction to the eve of World War II. During this era the country experienced enormous social and economic changes with the abolition of slavery, rapid territorial expansion, and massive immigration, and struggled over the meaning of free labor and the essence of citizenship as people who previously had been excluded sought the promise of economic freedom and full political rights. After a lucid overview of the concepts of the free worker and the independent citizen at the national level, Glenn vividly details how race and gender issues framed the struggle over labor and citizenship rights at the local level between blacks and whites in the South, Mexicans and Anglos in the Southwest, and Asians and haoles (the white planter class) in Hawaii. She illuminates the complex interplay of local and national forces in American society and provides a dynamic view of how labor and citizenship were defined, enforced, and contested in a formative era for white-nonwhite relations in America.

Author Biography

Evelyn Nakano Glenn is Professor of Ethnic Studies and Women's Studies at the University of California, Berkeley

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix
Introduction 1(5)
1 Integrating Race and Gender 6(12)
2 Citizenship: Universalism and Exclusion 18(38)
3 Labor: Freedom and Coercion 56(37)
4 Blacks and Whites in the South 93(51)
5 Mexicans and Anglos in the Southwest 144(46)
6 Japanese and Haoles in Hawaii 190(46)
7 Understanding American Inequality 236(31)
Notes 267(34)
Index 301

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